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UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-K
 
     
þ
  ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
    For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2007
OR
o
  TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
    For the Transition Period From          to          
 
Commission File No. 1-2960
Newpark Resources, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
     
Delaware
  72-1123385
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
     
2700 Research Forest Drive, Suite 100
The Woodlands, Texas
(Address of principal executive offices)
  77381
(Zip Code)
 
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
(281) 362-6800
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
     
Title of Each Class
 
Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
 
Common Stock, $0.01 par value
  New York Stock Exchange
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes o     No þ
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act.  Yes o     No þ
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes þ     No o
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulations S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
 
             
Large accelerated filer o
  Accelerated filer þ   Non-accelerated filer o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
  Smaller reporting company o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.  Yes o     No þ
 
The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant, computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold as of June 30, 2007, was $680.6 million. The aggregate market value has been computed by reference to the closing sales price on such date, as reported by The New York Stock Exchange.
 
As of February 18, 2008, a total of 90,311,925 shares of Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share, were outstanding.
 
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
 
Pursuant to General Instruction G(3) to this Form 10-K, the information required by Items 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14 of Part III hereof is incorporated by reference from the registrant’s definitive Proxy Statement for its Annual Meeting of Stockholders.
 


 

 
NEWPARK RESOURCES, INC.
 
INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K
FOR THE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2007
 
             
Item
      Page
Number
 
Description
  Number
 
1
  Business     1  
1A
  Risk Factors     5  
1B
  Unresolved Staff Comments     11  
2
  Properties     11  
3
  Legal Proceedings     11  
4
  Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders     12  
5
  Market for the Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities     13  
6
  Selected Financial Data     15  
7
  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations     16  
7A
  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk     27  
8
  Financial Statements and Supplementary Data     28  
9
  Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure     63  
9A
  Controls and Procedures     63  
9B
  Other Information     63  
10
  Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance     63  
11
  Executive Compensation     64  
12
  Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters     64  
13
  Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence     64  
14
  Principal Accounting Fees and Services     64  
15
  Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules     64  
    Signatures     68  
 Long Term Incentive Plan
 Employee Stock Purchase Plan
 Director Compensation Summary
 Subsidiaries of the Registrant
 Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
 Certification Pursuant to Rule 13a-14
 Certification Pursuant to Rule 13a-14
 Certification Pursuant to Section 1350
 Certification Pursuant to Section 1350


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CAUTIONARY STATEMENT CONCERNING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
 
The Annual Report on Form 10-K contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, as amended. We also may provide oral or written forward-looking information in other materials we release to the public. The words “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,” “plans,” “intends,” and similar expressions are intended to identify these forward-looking statements but are not the exclusive means of identifying them. These forward-looking statements reflect the current views of our management; however, various risks, uncertainties and contingencies, including the risks identified below, could cause our actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from those expressed in, or implied by, these statements, including the success or failure of our efforts to implement our business strategy.
 
We assume no obligation to update publicly any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by securities laws. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the forward-looking events discussed in this Annual Report might not occur.
 
For further information regarding these and other factors, risks and uncertainties affecting us, we refer you to the risk factors set forth in Item 1A of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.


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PART I
 
ITEM 1.   Business
 
General
 
Newpark Resources, Inc. was organized in 1932 as a Nevada corporation. In 1991, we changed our state of incorporation to Delaware. We are a diversified oil and gas industry supplier with two reportable segments: Fluids Systems and Engineering, and Mats and Integrated Services. During 2007, we entered into an agreement to sell our environmental services business, which was previously reported as a third operating segment. This operation is now reported in discontinued operations, as the sale is expected to be completed during the second quarter of 2008.
 
We provide our products and services primarily to the oil and gas exploration and production (“E&P”) industry in the U.S. Gulf Coast, West Texas, U.S. mid-continent, U.S. Rocky Mountains, Canada, Mexico, Brazil and areas of Europe and North Africa surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. Further, we are expanding our presence outside the E&P sector, particularly in Mats and Integrated Services, where we are marketing to utilities, municipalities, and government sectors.
 
Our principal executive offices are located at 2700 Research Forest Drive, Suite 100, The Woodlands, Texas 77381. Our telephone number is (281) 362-6800. You can find more information about us at our Internet website located at www.newpark.com. Our Annual Report on Form 10-K, our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, our Current Reports on Form 8-K and any amendments to those reports are available free of charge on or through our Internet website. These reports are available as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file these materials with, or furnish them to the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Our Code of Ethics, our Corporate Governance Guidelines, our Audit Committee Charter, our Compensation Committee Charter and our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee Charter are also posted to the corporate governance section of our Internet website. We make our website content available for information purposes only. It should not be relied upon for investment purposes, nor is it incorporated by reference in this Form 10-K. Information filed with the SEC may be read or copied at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C., 20549. Information on operation of the Public Reference Room may be obtained by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. The SEC also maintains a website at www.sec.gov that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC, including us.
 
When referring to “Newpark” and using phrases such as “we,” “us” and “our,” our intent is to refer to Newpark Resources, Inc. and its subsidiaries as a whole or on a segment basis, depending on the context in which the statements are made.
 
Industry Fundamentals
 
Historically, several factors have driven demand for our services, including the supply, demand and pricing of oil and gas commodities, which drive E&P development activity, as well as the continued trend of E&P development into more environmentally sensitive areas. Demand for most of our services is related to the level, type, depth and complexity of oil and gas drilling. The most widely accepted measure of activity is the Baker Hughes Rotary Rig Count, which has been rising since early 2002 in response to strengthening oil and gas prices. In 2007, international activity remained robust, while the North American rig counts began to stabilize, and in some regions, declined from prior year levels.
 
Over the past several years, we have benefited from our customers’ increased development activity, both in traditional basins and in frontier exploration activity. Our positioning with financially strong and aggressive independent players and increased activities with major integrated oil and gas exploration and production companies have helped to propel our growth.
 
In our core North American markets we have seen the following trends which have supported our growth and profitability:
 
  •  Increased drilling activity in mature areas of North America as economics of previously marginal projects have become attractive in the recent high energy price environment.


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  •  Increased willingness of E&P operators to drill in coastal marshes and inland waters where access is expensive. These projects rely heavily on our temporary infrastructure services such as those provided by our Mats and Integrated Services businesses.
 
  •  Deep shales and other hard rock formations with limited permeability in the Mid-continent and the Rockies are being exploited with advanced fracture stimulation technology. This technology facilitates production of natural gas from these formations and drives higher drilling activities.
 
Within the United States, the shallower reserves available in the historic gas-producing basins are approaching full development, and the longer-term economic potential of the remaining prospects appears to be declining. At the same time, the more prolific oil and gas opportunities increasingly depend on prospects outside of the Gulf Coast and in the expansion of frontier geologic formations. Many operators have begun to shift the focus of their drilling programs towards unconventional geologic structures, which carry inherently higher risks of both economic and physical failure for the operators.
 
Internationally, we have seen continued growth in drilling activity which is more heavily focused on oil, rather than gas exploration. The elevation of oil prices in recent years has supported continued expansion of the international E&P activity, benefiting our operations in areas of Europe, North Africa and Brazil.
 
Business Segments
 
Fluids Systems and Engineering
 
Our Fluids Systems and Engineering business offers unique solutions to highly technical drilling projects involving complex subsurface conditions, such as horizontal, directional, geologically deep or deep water drilling. These projects require constant monitoring and critical engineering support of the fluids system during the drilling process. We provide drilling fluids products and technical services to the North American, European, North African, and the Brazilian market. We also provide completion fluids services and equipment rental to customers in the Mid-Continent region of the United States.
 
We have industrial minerals grinding operations for barite, a critical raw material in drilling fluids products, which serve to support our activity in the drilling fluids market. We grind barite and other industrial minerals at facilities in Houston and Corpus Christi, Texas, New Iberia, Louisiana and Dyersburg, Tennessee. We also have a fixed fee contract grinding agreement under which a contract mill in Brownsville, Texas grinds raw barite supplied by us. We use the resulting products in our drilling fluids business, and we sell them to industrial users, including other drilling fluids companies. We also sell a variety of other minerals, principally to industrial markets, from our main plant in Houston, Texas and from the plant in Dyersburg, Tennessee.
 
Raw Materials — We believe that our sources of supply for materials and equipment used in our drilling fluids business are adequate for our needs. Our specialty milling operation is our primary supplier of barite used in our drilling fluids business. We also obtain barite from third-party mills under contract grinding arrangements. The mills obtain raw barite ore under supply agreements from foreign sources, primarily China and India. We obtain other materials used in the drilling fluids from various third party suppliers. We have encountered no serious shortages or delays in obtaining any raw materials; however, we have experienced significant increases in barite ore transportation costs during 2007. These increases are primarily attributable to a shortage of vessels available to transport the ore from China to the United States.
 
Technology — We seek patents and licenses on new developments whenever we believe it creates a competitive advantage in the marketplace. We own the patent rights to a family of high-performance, water-based products, which we market as the DeepDrill® and FlexDrilltm systems. These systems include up to eight proprietary performance-enhancing components, each formulated for environmental protection. DeepDrill® and FlexDrilltm systems can provide improved penetration rates, superior lubricity, torque and drag reduction, shale inhibition, solids management, minimized hole enlargement and enhanced ability to log results and use measurement tools. This technology also led to the development of our NewPhasetm product, originally a component of our water-based product line, which we now use to enhance high performance invert emulsion fluids systems tailored to the drilling problems created by reactive shales.


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Using proprietary technology and systems is an important aspect of our business strategy. We rely on a variety of unpatented proprietary technologies and know-how in many of our applications. We believe that our reputation in our industry, the range of services we offer, ongoing technical development and know-how, responsiveness to customers and understanding of regulatory requirements are of equal or greater competitive significance than our existing proprietary rights.
 
Competition — We face competition from larger public companies that compete vigorously on fluids performance and/or price. We also find smaller regional competitors competing with us mainly on price and local relationships. We believe that the principal competitive factors in our businesses include a combination of price, reputation, technical proficiency, reliability, quality, breadth of services offered and managerial experience. We believe that we compete effectively on the basis of these factors. We also believe that our competitive position is enhanced by our proprietary products and services.
 
Customers — Our customers are principally major and independent oil and gas E&P companies operating in the markets that we serve. During the year ended December 31, 2007, approximately 51% of segment revenues were derived from our 20 largest customers. No one customer accounted for more than 10% of our total segment revenues and 80% of segment revenues are generated domestically. Typically, we perform services either under short-term standard contracts or under longer term service agreements. As most agreements with our customers can be terminated upon short notice, our backlog is not significant. We do not derive a significant portion of our revenues from government contracts. See Note 16 “Segment and Related Information” in Item 8. “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” for additional information on financial and geographic data.
 
Mats and Integrated Services
 
We provide mat rentals and related well site services to E&P customers in the onshore Gulf of Mexico region, which ensure all-weather access to E&P sites in the unstable soil conditions common to these areas. Through our acquisition of SEM Construction Company in 2007, we provide access road maintenance and a variety of well site services in Western Colorado. We also install access roads and temporary work sites for pipeline, electrical utility and highway construction projects where soil protection is required by environmental regulations or to assure productivity in unstable soil conditions.
 
We manufacture our DuraBasetm composite mat system for sales into the international market as well as for use in our domestic rental operations. Our marketing efforts for this product remain focused in eight principal oil and gas industry markets: Canada, Alaska and the Arctic, Russia, the Middle East, South America, Mexico, Indonesia, and the U.S. and U.K. utilities markets. We believe these mats have worldwide applications outside our traditional oilfield market, primarily in infrastructure construction, maintenance and upgrades of electric utility transmission lines, and as temporary roads for movement of oversized or unusually heavy loads.
 
As increasingly stringent environmental regulations affecting drilling and production sites are enforced, the scope of services required by oil and gas companies has increased. Often it is more efficient for site operators to contract with a single company that can provide all-weather site access and provide the required onsite and offsite environmental services on a fully integrated basis.
 
Raw Materials — We believe that our sources of supply for materials and equipment used in our business are adequate for our needs. We are not dependent upon any one supplier and we have encountered no serious shortages or delays in obtaining any raw materials. The resins, chemicals and other materials used to manufacture composite mats are widely available. Resin is the largest raw material component in the manufacturing of our composite mat products.
 
Technology — We have obtained patents to fabricate our composite mats, and on several of the components utilized in our DuraBasetm and Bravotm mat systems. Using proprietary technology and systems is an important aspect of our business strategy. We believe that these products provide us with a distinct advantage over our competition, which is generally using wooden mat products. We believe that our reputation in our industry, the range of services we offer, ongoing technical development and know-how, responsiveness to customers and understanding of regulatory requirements also have competitive significance in the markets we serve.


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Competition — Our market is very fragmented and competitive, with nine to ten competitors providing various forms of wooden mat products and services. No competitors provide a product similar to our DuraBasetm composite mat system. We provide both DuraBasetm and Bravotm composite mat systems to many customers, both domestic and international. The mat sales component of our business is not as fragmented as the oilfield services segment with only two to three competitors providing various alternatives to our DuraBasetm mat products. This is due to many factors including large capital start-up costs and proprietory technology.
 
We believe that the principal competitive factors in our businesses include price, reputation, technical proficiency, reliability, quality and breadth of services offered. We believe that we compete effectively on the basis of these factors. We also believe that our competitive position is enhanced by our proprietary products, services, and know-how.
 
Customers — Our customers are principally major and independent oil and gas E&P companies operating in the markets that we serve. During the year ended December 31, 2007, approximately 48% of our revenues was derived from our 20 largest customers. No single customer accounted for more than 10% of our total segment revenues and substantially all of segment revenues are generated domestically. Typically, we perform services either under short-term standard contracts or under longer term service agreements. As most agreements with our customers are cancelable upon short notice, our backlog is not significant. We do not derive a significant portion of our revenues from government contracts. See Note 16 “Segment and Related Information” in Item 8. “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” for additional information on financial and geographic data.
 
Employees
 
At January 31, 2008, we employed 1,987 full and part-time personnel including 141 in discontinued operations, none of which are represented by unions. We consider our relations with our employees to be satisfactory.
 
Environmental Regulation
 
We seek to comply with all applicable regulatory requirements concerning environmental quality. Our discontinued environmental services business processes and disposes of several types of non-hazardous environmental waste for E&P customers. These wastes are generally described as follows:
 
E&P Waste.  E&P waste typically contains levels of oil and grease, salts, dissolved solids and heavy metals exceeding concentration limits defined by state regulations. E&P waste also includes soils that have become contaminated by these materials.
 
NORM.  Naturally occurring radioactive material, or NORM, is present throughout the earth’s crust at very low levels. Radium can co-precipitate with scale out of the production stream as it is drawn to the surface and encounters a pressure or temperature change in the well tubing or production equipment, forming a rust-like scale. This scale contains radioactive elements that can become concentrated on tank bottoms or at water discharge points at production facilities.
 
Nonhazardous Industrial Waste.  This category of waste is generated by industries not associated with the exploration or production of oil and gas. This includes refineries and petrochemical plants.
 
Our business is affected both directly and indirectly by governmental regulations relating to the oil and gas industry in general, as well as environmental, health and safety regulations that have specific application to our business. We also handle, process and dispose of nonhazardous regulated materials that are not generated from oil and gas activities. Our activities are impacted by various federal, state and provincial pollution control, health and safety programs that are administered and enforced by regulatory agencies. These programs are applicable or potentially applicable to our current operations.
 
Risk Management and Insurance
 
Our business exposes us to substantial risks. For example, our environmental services business, which is reported in our discontinued operations pending its sale, routinely handles, stores and disposes of nonhazardous


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regulated materials and waste. We could be held liable for improper cleanup and disposal, which liability could be based upon statute, negligence, strict liability, contract or otherwise. As is common in the oil and gas industry, we often are required contractually to indemnify our customers or other third-parties against certain risks related to the services we perform, including damages stemming from environmental contamination.
 
We have implemented various procedures designed to ensure compliance with applicable regulations and reduce the risk of damage or loss. These include specified handling procedures and guidelines for regulated waste, ongoing employee training and monitoring and maintaining insurance coverage.
 
We also employ a corporate-wide web-based environmental management system. This system is ISO14001 compliant. ISO14001 standards provide guidance for developing environmental management systems, referred to as EMS. EMS is composed of modules designed to capture information related to the planning, decision-making, and general operations of environmental regulatory activities within our operations. We also use EMS to capture the information generated by regularly scheduled independent audits that are done to validate the findings of our internal monitoring and auditing procedures.
 
We carry a range of insurance coverage that we consider adequate for protecting our assets and operations. This coverage includes general liability, contractual liability, comprehensive property damage, workers’ compensation, business interruption and other coverage customary in our industries; however, this insurance is subject to coverage limits, deductibles or self-insured retentions and contains certain coverage exclusions including damages resulting from environmental contamination. Our insurance premiums can be increased or decreased based on the claims made by us under our insurance policies. We could be materially adversely affected by a claim that is not covered or only partially covered by insurance. We have no assurance that insurance will continue to be available to us, that the possible types of liabilities that may be incurred will be covered by our insurance, that our insurance carriers will meet their obligations or that the dollar amount of any liability will not exceed our policy limits.
 
ITEM 1A.   Risk Factors
 
We derive a significant portion of our revenues from companies in the E&P industry, a historically cyclical industry with levels of activity that are significantly affected by the levels and volatility of oil and natural gas prices
 
Prices for oil and natural gas are volatile, and this volatility affects the demand for our services. A material decline in oil or natural gas prices or activities could materially affect the demand for our services. Because our business has high fixed costs, downtime or low productivity due to reduced demand can negatively affect our results of operations and financial condition.
 
We may be impacted by changes in oil and gas supply and demand, which are generally affected by the following factors:
 
  •  oil and natural gas prices;
 
  •  expectations about future prices;
 
  •  the cost to explore for, produce and deliver oil and gas;
 
  •  the discovery rate for new oil and gas reserves;
 
  •  the ability of oil and gas companies to raise capital;
 
  •  domestic and international political, military, regulatory and economic conditions; and
 
  •  government regulations regarding, among other things, environmental protection, taxation, price controls and product allocation.
 
The potential fluctuations in the level of future oil and gas industry activity or demand for our services and products are difficult, if not impossible, to predict. There may be times when oil and gas industry activity or demand for our services is less than expected.


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Our operating results have fluctuated during recent years, and these fluctuations may continue.
 
We have experienced in the past, and may continue to experience in the future, fluctuations in our yearly and quarterly operating results. It is possible that we will not realize expected earnings growth and that earnings in any particular year or quarter will fall short of either a prior fiscal year or quarter or investors’ expectations. If this were to occur, the market price of our common stock would likely be adversely affected. The following factors, in addition to others not listed, may affect our operating results in the future:
 
  •  fluctuations in the oil and gas industry;
 
  •  competition;
 
  •  the ability to manage and control our operating costs;
 
  •  the rate and extent of acceptance of our drilling fluids products and our composite mats; and
 
  •  the ability to integrate strategic acquisitions.
 
The cost of barite recently has been volatile, and this volatility may continue, which may have an adverse effect on our fluids systems and engineering segment.
 
Barite is a naturally occurring mineral that, when processed, constitutes a significant portion of many drilling fluids systems. We currently secure all our barite ore from foreign sources, primarily China and India. The cost of barite from these regions has fluctuated significantly due to numerous factors. The largest of these cost factors are inland transportation and ocean freight. Due to recent wide swings in world demand for raw materials produced in both China and India and the rapidly expanding economies of these countries, the cost of all forms of transportation has increased to an unprecedented level. These transportation costs have been further stressed due to increased world oil costs. In addition to the volatility of shipping costs, basic mineral production and processing costs also have experienced upward pressures. These factors include the distance of mineral reserves from shipping ports, dwindling reserves, internal labor cost increases due to increased safety regulations and cost of living adjustments as well as increased supply and demand pressures. Recent currency exchange rate fluctuations also have contributed to the upward cost trend. If we are unable to reduce these costs or increase the price of our barite-based products, we may experience lower margins in our fluids systems and engineering segment.
 
We are subject to risks associated with our international operations that could limit our ability to expand internationally or reduce the revenues and profitability of these operations.
 
We have significant operations in areas of Europe and North Africa surrounding the Mediterranean Sea and in Canada. We also operate in Mexico and Brazil. In addition, we may seek to expand to other areas outside the United States in the future. International operations are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties, including:
 
  •  difficulties and cost associated with complying with a wide variety of complex foreign laws, treaties and regulations;
 
  •  unexpected changes in regulatory environments;
 
  •  legal uncertainties, timing delays and expenses associated with tariffs, export licenses and other trade barriers;
 
  •  difficulties enforcing agreements and collecting receivables through foreign legal systems;
 
  •  tax rates in foreign countries that may exceed those of the United States and foreign earnings that may be subject to withholding requirements, tariffs or other restrictions;
 
  •  changes in international tax laws;
 
  •  exchange controls or other limitations on international currency movements;
 
  •  limitations by the U.S. government to prevent us from engaging in business in certain countries;


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  •  difficulties entering new foreign markets if there is a significant movement of E&P operations to areas of the world where we currently do not operate;
 
  •  inability to preserve certain intellectual property rights in the foreign countries in which we operate;
 
  •  our inexperience in new international markets;
 
  •  fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates; and
 
  •  political and economic instability.
 
Our success will depend, in part, on our ability to anticipate and effectively manage these and other risks. Any of these factors could impair our ability to expand into international markets and could prevent us from increasing our revenue and our profitability and meeting our growth objectives.
 
We derive a significant portion of our revenues from a limited number of significant customers.
 
Our customers are principally major and independent oil and gas E&P companies operating in the markets that we serve. During the year ended December 31, 2007, approximately 44% of our consolidated revenues were derived from our 20 largest customers. The loss of a number of these customers could negatively impact our results of operations.
 
We employ borrowed funds as an integral part of our long-term capital structure. In an adverse industry cycle, we may not have sufficient cash flow from operations to meet our debt service requirements to maintain compliance with our covenants. Additionally, our levels of accounts receivable and inventory may not be adequate to provide a sufficient borrowing base.
 
Our ability to meet our debt service requirements and comply with the covenants in our various debt agreements will depend on our future performance. This, in turn, is subject to the volatile nature of the oil and gas industry, and to competitive, economic, financial and other factors that are beyond our control. If we are unable to generate sufficient cash flow from operations or obtain other financing in the future to service our debt, we may be required to sell assets, reduce capital expenditures or refinance all or a portion of our existing debt in order to continue to operate. We may not be able to obtain any additional debt or equity financing if and when needed, and the terms we may be required to offer for this additional debt or equity financing may not be as favorable as the terms we have been able to obtain in the past.
 
The terms of our Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (“Credit Agreement”), contain restrictive covenants with which we may not be able to comply. These facilities also require us to satisfy certain financial tests. In addition, these lenders have security interests in substantially all of our U.S. assets and a portion of the capital stock of our non-U.S. subsidiaries. If we were to breach the restrictive covenants or fail to satisfy these financial tests, all amounts owing, including accrued interest, under the Credit Agreement could be declared immediately due and payable. The lenders also could terminate all commitments under the facility and enforce their rights to security interests in substantially all of our U.S. assets.
 
Amounts borrowed under our Credit Agreement are subject to variable interest rates. In January 2008, we entered into two interest rate swap arrangements, which effectively fix the LIBOR interest rate on 100% of the borrowings under our $50.0 million Term Loan, which is part of the Credit Agreement, for the remaining life of the loan. The LIBOR rate is fixed at 3.74% plus a spread based on our corporate leverage ratio. However, any significant increase in interest rates could increase our interest costs on our variable-rate long-term debt or indebtedness incurred in the future.
 


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We may not have adequate insurance for potential liabilities. Any significant liability not covered by insurance or exceeding our coverage limits could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition.
 
While we maintain liability insurance, this insurance is subject to coverage limits. In addition, certain policies do not provide coverage for damages resulting from environmental contamination. We face the following risks with respect to our insurance coverage:
 
  •  we may not be able to continue to obtain insurance on commercially reasonable terms or at all;
 
  •  we may be faced with types of liabilities that will not be covered by our insurance policies;
 
  •  our insurance carriers may not be able to meet their obligations under the policies; and
 
  •  the dollar amount of any liabilities may exceed our policy limits.
 
Even a partially uninsured claim, if successful and of significant size, could have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial statements.
 
Shortages of critical equipment and qualified personnel may adversely affect our business.
 
Shortages of critical equipment and qualified personnel necessary to explore for, produce or deliver oil and gas have on occasion limited the amount of drilling activity in our primary markets. Future shortages in these areas could limit the amount of drilling activity and, accordingly, the demand for our services. Such shortages also could limit our ability to expand our services or geographic presence.
 
Also, our future success depends on our ability to employ and retain highly-skilled engineers and technical sales and service personnel. The market for these employees is very competitive, and if we cannot continue to attract and retain quality personnel, our ability to compete effectively and to grow our business will be severely limited. A significant increase in the wages paid by competing employers could result in a reduction in our skilled labor force, increases in the rates of wages we must pay, or both.
 
We have high levels of goodwill in relation to our total assets and stockholders’ equity as a result of acquisitions. Any future impairment of goodwill could have a significant impact on our results of operations and financial condition.
 
As of December 31, 2007, we had $62.6 million in goodwill and $18.5 million of identifiable intangible assets, net. Our estimates of the values of these assets could be reduced in the future as a result of various factors beyond our control. Any reduction in the value of these assets would reduce our net income and reduce our total assets and stockholders’ equity in the year in which the reduction is recognized. The combined $81.1 million balance in goodwill and intangible assets represents 12.6% of our total assets and 22.5% of our total stockholders’ equity as of December 31, 2007.
 
We must comply with numerous federal, state and local laws, regulations and policies that govern environmental protection, zoning and other matters applicable to our business. If we fail to comply or these regulations and policies change, we may face fines or other penalties, be forced to make significant capital expenditures or changes to our operations, or lose demand for our services.
 
Laws and regulations have changed frequently in the past, and it is reasonable to expect additional changes in the future. If regulatory requirements were rescinded or relaxed, we may be required to change the way we do business as the demand for our services may decrease. Additionally, as laws and regulations change, we may be required to make significant unanticipated capital and operating expenditures to remain compliant.
 
We believe that the demand for our services in the discontinued environmental services business is directly related to regulation of E&P waste. If these regulations were rescinded or relaxed, or governmental authorities failed to enforce these regulations, we could see a decrease in the demand for our services. This decrease in demand could materially affect our results of operations and financial condition. We also may be affected adversely by new regulations or changes in other applicable regulations.


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E&P waste that is not contaminated with NORM is currently exempt from the principal federal statute governing the handling of hazardous waste. In recent years, proposals have been made to rescind this exemption. If the exemption covering this type of E&P waste is repealed or modified, we could be required to alter significantly our method of doing business. We also could be required to change the way we do business if the regulations interpreting the rules regarding the treatment or disposal of E&P waste or NORM waste were changed. If we are required to change the way we do business, it could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.
 
If our operations do not comply with future laws and regulations, governmental authorities may seek to impose fines and penalties on us or to revoke or deny the issuance or renewal of operating permits. Under these circumstances, we might be required to reduce or cease operations or conduct site remediation or other corrective action. Any of these results could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.
 
We face intense competition in our existing markets and expect to face tough competition in any markets into which we seek to expand.
 
We face competition in the drilling fluids market, where there are several companies larger than us that may have both lower capital costs and greater geographic coverage. Numerous smaller companies also compete against us in the drilling fluids market.
 
The markets for our Mats and Integrated Services business are fragmented and competitive, with nine to ten competitors providing various forms of wooden mat products and services. No competitors provide a product similar to our DuraBasetm composite mat system.
 
Competition in the environmental services market could increase as the industry continues to develop, which could put downward pressure on our margins. We also face competition from efforts by oil and gas producing customers to improve their own methods of disposal.
 
Our ability to expand our business or increase prices also will be affected by future technological change and innovation, which could affect our customers’ decisions to use their own methods of disposal.
 
Our business exposes us to potential environmental or regulatory liability, and we could be required to pay substantial amounts with respect to these liabilities, including costs to clean up and close contaminated sites.
 
Our business exposes us to the risk that harmful substances may escape into the environment, which could result in:
 
  •  personal injury or loss of life;
 
  •  severe damage to or destruction of property including oil and gas producing formations; and
 
  •  environmental damage and suspension of operations.
 
Our current and past activities, as well as the activities of our former divisions and subsidiaries, could result in our facing substantial environmental, regulatory and other liabilities. This could include the costs of cleanup of contaminated sites and site closure obligations. These liabilities also could be imposed on the basis of one or more of the following theories:
 
  •  negligence;
 
  •  strict liability;
 
  •  breach of contract with customers; and
 
  •  our contractual agreements to indemnify our customers in the normal course of our business.


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We may not be able to keep pace with the technological developments that characterize the market for our products and services.
 
The market for our products and services is characterized by technological developments that have resulted in, and will likely continue to result in, substantial improvements in product functions and performance. If we are not successful in developing and marketing, on a timely and cost-effective basis, product enhancements or new products that respond to technological developments that are accepted in the marketplace or that comply with industry standards, we could lose market share. In addition, current competitors or new market entrants may develop new technologies, products or standards that could render some of our products or services obsolete, which could have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial statements. Our future success and profitability are dependent upon our ability to:
 
  •  improve our existing product lines;
 
  •  address the increasingly sophisticated needs of our customers;
 
  •  maintain a reputation for technological excellence;
 
  •  maintain market acceptance of our products and services; and
 
  •  anticipate changes in technology and industry standards and respond to technological developments on a timely basis, either internally or through strategic alliances.
 
Our patents or other proprietary technology may not prevent our competitors from developing substantially similar technology, which would reduce any competitive advantages we may have from these patents and proprietary technology.
 
We hold U.S. and foreign patents for certain of our drilling fluids components and mat systems. In our Environmental Services business, which is included in our discontinued operations pending its sale, we also hold U.S. patents on certain aspects of our system to process and dispose of E&P waste, including E&P waste that is contaminated with NORM. However, these patents are not a guarantee that we will have a meaningful advantage over our competitors, and there is a risk that others may develop systems that are substantially equivalent to those covered by our patents. If that were to happen, we would face increased competition from both a service and a pricing standpoint. In addition, costly and time-consuming litigation could be necessary to enforce and determine the scope of our patents and proprietary rights. Our business could be negatively impacted by future technological change and innovation. It is possible that future innovation could change the way companies drill for oil and gas, reduce the amount of waste that is generated from drilling activities or create new methods of disposal or new types of drilling fluids. This could reduce the competitive advantages we may derive from our patents and other proprietary technology.
 
Hurricanes or other adverse weather events could disrupt our operations.
 
Our significant market areas in the Gulf of Mexico (and related near-shore areas) are susceptible to hurricanes. These weather events can disrupt our operations and result in damage to our properties. In late summer 2005, Hurricanes Katrina and Rita struck the Gulf Coast region of the United States and caused extensive and catastrophic physical damage to the area. While we believe we have recovered from the effects of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, future hurricanes could affect our operations in those market areas and result in damage to our facilities and equipment located at such facilities, and the facilities of our customers. Our business or results of operations may be adversely affected by these and other negative effects of future hurricanes or other adverse weather events.
 
The market price of our common stock is subject to fluctuation.
 
The market price of our common stock may fluctuate due to a number of factors. These include the general economy, stock market conditions, general trends in the oilfield service industry, announcements made by us or our competitors and variations in our operating results. Investors may not be able to predict the timing or extent of these fluctuations.


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ITEM 1B.   Unresolved Staff Comments
 
None
 
ITEM 2.   Properties
 
We lease office space to support our operating segments as well as our discontinued environmental services business and corporate offices. This leased space is located in Metairie and Lafayette, Louisiana, The Woodlands, Houston and Port Arthur, Texas, Calgary, Alberta, and Rome, Italy. We also own office space in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. All owned properties serve as collateral to our Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, entered into in December 2007.
 
Fluids Systems & Engineering.  We lease 13 warehouses and own one warehouse in the Mediterranean region to support our international operations. We own four warehouse facilities in Oklahoma that serve as distribution points for our mid-continent operations. We also serve customers from 10 leased bases located along the Gulf Coast.
 
We operate four specialty product grinding facilities. The principal grinding facility is located on approximately 18 acres of owned land in Houston, Texas. The second plant is on 13.7 acres of leased land in New Iberia, Louisiana. The third plant is in Corpus Christi, Texas on six acres of leased land. The fourth plant is in Dyersburg, Tennessee and is on 13.2 acres of owned land.
 
Mats & Integrated Services.  We own approximately 44,000 square feet of office and warehouse space on nine acres of land in Vatican, Louisiana, which houses manufacturing, distribution and administrative facilities for this segment.
 
We also lease a fleet of 48 double-skinned barges used to transport waste to processing stations which are certified for this purpose by the U.S. Coast Guard. We also lease seven transfer facilities located along the Gulf Coast.
 
ITEM 3.   Legal Proceedings
 
Litigation Summary
 
In connection with our announcement regarding the internal investigation commissioned by our Audit Committee in April 2006 and subsequent announcements, we were served with a number of class action and derivative lawsuits. These suits asserted claims against us and certain of our former officers and current and former directors alleging damages resulting from the loss of value in our common stock and, derivatively, for damages we allegedly suffered.
 
In April 2007, we announced that we reached a settlement of our pending derivative and class action litigation. The settlement received final approval from the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana on October 9, 2007. Under the terms of the settlement, we paid $1.6 million, and our directors and officers’ liability insurance carrier paid $8.3 million. A portion of these amounts were used to pay administration costs and legal fees. This settlement resolved all pending shareholder class and derivative litigation against us, our former and current directors, and former officers. As part of the settlement, however, we preserved certain claims against our former Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer for matters arising from the invoicing irregularities at Soloco Texas, LP and the backdating of stock options.
 
James D. Cole Arbitration
 
By letter dated April 25, 2007, counsel for James D. Cole, our former Chief Executive Officer and former director, notified us that Mr. Cole is pursuing claims against us for breach of his employment agreement and other causes of action. Mr. Cole seeks recovery of approximately $3.1 million purportedly due under his employment agreement and reimbursement of certain defense costs incurred in connection with the shareholder litigation and our internal investigation. Mr. Cole also claims that he is entitled to the sum of $640,000 pursuant to the non-compete provision of his employment agreement. Pursuant to the terms of his employment agreement, this matter has been submitted to arbitration. We have also submitted to the same arbitration proceedings the claims preserved against Mr. Cole arising from the derivative litigation referenced above.


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Matthew Hardey Lawsuit
 
On November 2, 2007, we were served with a lawsuit filed on behalf of Matthew Hardey, our former Chief Financial Officer, against Newpark Resources and Paul L. Howes, our current Chief Executive Officer. The lawsuit was filed on October 9, 2007, in the 24th Judicial District Court in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana. We have moved this case to Federal Court (United States District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana). The lawsuit includes a variety of allegations arising from our internal investigation and Mr. Hardey’s termination, including breach of contract, unfair trade practices, defamation, and negligence. The lawsuit does not specify the amount of damages being sought by Mr. Hardey. We dispute the allegations in the lawsuit and intend to vigorously defend our position.
 
The outcome of the Cole and Hardey proceedings is not certain; however, it is the opinion of management that any liability in these matters should not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.
 
SEC Investigation
 
On March 12, 2007, we were advised that the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) has opened a formal investigation into the matters disclosed in Amendment No. 2 to our Annual Report on Form 10-K/A filed on October 10, 2006. We are cooperating with the SEC in their investigation.
 
Other Legal Items
 
In addition, we and our subsidiaries are involved in litigation and other claims or assessments on matters arising in the normal course of business. In the opinion of management, any recovery or liability in these matters should not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.
 
Environmental Proceedings
 
In the ordinary course of conducting our business, we become involved in judicial and administrative proceedings involving governmental authorities at the federal, state and local levels, as well as private party actions. We believe that none of these matters involves material exposure. We cannot assure you, however, that this exposure does not exist or will not arise in other matters relating to our past or present operations.
 
Recourse against our insurers under general liability insurance policies for reimbursement is uncertain as a result of conflicting court decisions in similar cases. In addition, certain insurance policies under which coverage may be afforded contain self-insurance levels that may exceed our ultimate liability.
 
We believe that any liability incurred in environmental matters will not have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial statements.
 
ITEM 4.   Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders
 
No matters were submitted to a vote of our security holders during the fourth quarter of the year ended December 31, 2007.


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PART II
 
ITEM 5.   Market for the Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
Our common stock is traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “NR.”
 
The following table sets forth the range of the high and low sales prices for our common stock for the periods indicated:
 
                 
Period
  High     Low  
 
2007
               
4th Quarter
  $ 6.50     $ 4.93  
3rd Quarter
  $ 8.14     $ 4.97  
2nd Quarter
  $ 8.41     $ 6.99  
1st Quarter
  $ 7.25     $ 5.75  
2006
               
4th Quarter
  $ 7.68     $ 5.06  
3rd Quarter
  $ 6.40     $ 4.87  
2nd Quarter
  $ 8.36     $ 5.05  
1st Quarter
  $ 9.65     $ 6.90  
 
As of February 21, 2008, we had 2,361 stockholders of record as determined by our transfer agent.
 
In February 2008, our Board of Directors approved a plan authorizing the Company to repurchase up to $25 million of outstanding common stock shares. Except for this purchase, our Board of Directors currently intends to retain earnings for use in our business, and we do not intend to pay any cash dividends in the foreseeable future. In addition, our credit facilities contain covenants which limit the payment of dividends on our common stock.
 
During the year ended December 31, 2007, there were no sales of our securities by us which were not registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.
 
During the quarter ended December 31, 2007, there were no repurchases by us or any affiliated purchaser of any of our common stock.


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Performance Graph
 
The following graph reflects a comparison of the cumulative total stockholder return of our common stock from December 31, 2002 through December 31, 2007, with the New York Stock Exchange Market Value Index, a broad equity market index, and the Hemscott Oil & Gas Equipment/Services Index, an industry group index. The graph assumes the investment of $100 on December 31, 2002 in our common stock and each index and the reinvestment of all dividends, if any.
 
COMPARISON OF CUMULATIVE TOTAL RETURN OF ONE OR MORE
COMPANIES, PEER GROUPS, INDUSTRY INDEXES AND/OR BROAD MARKETS
 
(PERFORMANCE GRAPH)
 
                                                 
    Fiscal Year Ending
 Company/Index/Market   12/31/2002   12/31/2003   12/31/2004   12/30/2005   12/29/2006   12/31/2007
Newpark Resources
    100.00       110.11       118.39       175.40       165.75       125.29  
                                                 
Oil & Gas Equipment/Svcs
    100.00       121.99       167.42       253.03       298.70       425.38  
                                                 
NYSE Market Index
    100.00       129.55       146.29       158.37       185.55       195.46  
                                                 


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ITEM 6.   Selected Financial Data
 
The selected consolidated historical financial data presented below for the five years ended December 31, 2007 are derived from our consolidated financial statements and is not necessarily indicative of results to be expected in the future. The selected financial data includes reclassifications to reflect the operations of the Environmental Services business and a sawmill facility within the Mats and Integrated Services segment as discontinued operations. See Note 2 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 herein for additional information regarding discontinued operations.
 
The following data should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto and with “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in Items 7 and 8 below.
 
                                         
    As of and for the Years Ended December 31,  
    2007     2006     2005     2004     2003  
    (In thousands, except share data)  
 
Consolidated Statements of Operations:
                                       
Revenues
  $ 612,764     $ 581,908     $ 476,672     $ 353,761     $ 287,170  
Cost of revenues
    533,929       500,062       423,467       327,194       276,523  
                                         
      78,835       81,846       53,205       26,567       10,647  
General and administrative expenses
    22,923       20,022       9,546       9,394       5,813  
Impairment losses
                      3,399        
                                         
Operating income
    55,912       61,824       43,659       13,774       4,834  
Foreign currency exchange (gain) loss
    (1,083 )     367       (551 )     (345 )     (886 )
Interest expense, net
    20,251       19,546       15,965       13,447       14,638  
                                         
Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes
    36,744       41,911       28,245       672       (8,918 )
Provision (benefit) for income taxes
    11,700       13,851       9,136       187       (2,347 )
                                         
Income (loss) from continuing operations
    25,044       28,060       19,109       485       (6,571 )
Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax
    3,231       (60,341 )     3,672       5,012       8,215  
Loss from disposal of discontinued operations, net of taxes
    (1,613 )                        
                                         
Net income (loss)
    26,662       (32,281 )     22,781       5,497       1,644  
Less: Preferred stock dividends and accretion
                509       938       1,583  
                                         
Net income (loss) applicable to common shares and equivalents
  $ 26,662     $ (32,281 )   $ 22,272     $ 4,559     $ 61  
                                         
Net income per common share (basic and diluted):
                                       
Income from continuing operations
  $ 0.28     $ 0.31     $ 0.22     $ 0.01     $ (0.08 )
Income (loss) from discontinued operations
    0.01       (0.67 )     0.04       0.06       0.10  
                                         
Net income (loss) per common share
  $ 0.29     $ (0.36 )   $ 0.26     $ 0.05     $ 0.00  
                                         
Consolidated Balance Sheet Data:
                                       
Working capital
  $ 282,900     $ 215,364     $ 164,510     $ 149,221     $ 129,059  
Total assets
    641,779       629,449       651,294       587,371       572,032  
Short-term debt
    18,862       14,996       23,586       13,048       13,869  
Long-term debt, less current portion
    158,616       198,037       185,933       186,286       183,600  
Stockholders’ equity
    360,664       323,143       346,725       319,656       310,083  
Consolidated Cash Flow Data:
                                       
Net cash provided by operations
  $ 68,188     $ 26,803     $ 29,545     $ 21,604     $ 7,552  
Net cash used in investing activities
    (40,292 )     (30,298 )     (33,829 )     (14,960 )     (22,043 )
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities
    (35,649 )     8,573       5,642       (4,580 )     15,632  


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ITEM 7.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
The following discussion of our financial condition, results of operations, liquidity and capital resources should be read together with our Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8 of this Annual Report.
 
Overview
 
We are a diversified oil and gas industry supplier, and we currently have two reportable segments: Fluids Systems and Engineering, and Mats and Integrated Services. We provide these products and services principally to the E&P industry in the U.S. Gulf Coast, West Texas, U.S. mid-continent, U.S. Rocky Mountains, Canada, Mexico, Brazil and areas of Europe and North Africa surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. Further, we are expanding our presence outside the E&P sector through our Mats and Integrated Services, where we are marketing to utilities, municipalities, and government sectors.
 
Following a comprehensive review of all of our businesses in the first quarter of 2007, we decided to explore strategic alternatives with regards to our Environmental Services business, which was historically reported as a third reportable segment. Subsequently, we initiated a sale process for this business and entered into an agreement in October 2007 to sell the U.S. Environmental Services business for $81.5 million in cash and potentially an additional $8 million which may be paid to us under a five-year earn out provision. This sale is expected to close during the second quarter of 2008, subject to customary closing requirements. In conjunction with this process, we decided to exit certain Environmental Services activities within the Canadian market during the third quarter of 2007, which resulted in $1.5 million of charges during the third and fourth quarter of 2007, including $0.5 million for the impairment of goodwill. As a result of these developments, all assets, liabilities and results of operations of our U.S. and Canadian Environmental Services business are classified as discontinued operations for all periods presented.
 
The decision to sell the Environmental Services business is part of our strategic plan to focus our attention and capital on our Fluids Systems and Engineering and Mats and Integrated Services businesses. In August 2007, we completed the acquisition of substantially all of the assets and operations of SEM Construction Company (“SEM”), for cash consideration of $21.3 million. SEM is a full-service well site construction company engaged in construction, reclamation, maintenance, and general rig work for the oil and gas industry at drilling locations throughout Western Colorado and is reported within the Mats and Integrated Services segment.
 
Also during August 2007, we completed the sale of a sawmill facility for $4.1 million, which was historically reported within the Mats and Integrated Services segment. As a result of the sales agreement for this transaction, we recorded an impairment loss on the sale of discontinued operations of $3.2 million ($1.6 million after-tax) in the second quarter of 2007 and reclassified all assets, liabilities and results of operations to discontinued operations, for all periods presented.
 
In October 2007, we received final court approval of the previously announced settlement of our pending derivative and class action litigation. Under the terms of the settlement, we paid $1.6 million, and our directors and officers’ liability insurance carrier paid $8.3 million. The settlement resolves all pending shareholder class and derivative litigation against us, our former and current directors, and our former officers. As part of the settlement, however, we preserved certain claims against our former Chief Executive Officer and former Chief Financial Officer for matters arising from the potential invoicing irregularities at Soloco Texas, LP and the backdating of stock options.
 
In December 2007, we entered into a new five-year $225 million credit facility, including a $175 million revolving line of credit and a $50 million term loan. Borrowings under this facility were used to repay the outstanding balances and terminate our $150 million term credit facility and $100 million revolving credit facility. In conjunction with the termination of the former credit facilities, we recorded a non-cash charge of $4.0 million in the fourth quarter of 2007 to write-off previously capitalized debt issuance costs.


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Hurricane Impact
 
Our Fluids Systems and Engineering operations along the U.S. Gulf Coast were severely affected by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita in 2005 and early 2006. During 2006, we recorded recoveries related to business interruption coverage related to the 2005 hurricanes of $4.3 million as reductions to cost of revenues.
 
Results of Operations
 
Our operating results depend in large measure on oil and gas drilling activity levels in the markets we serve, as well as on the depth of drilling, which governs the revenue potential of each well. The drilling activity levels depend on oil and gas commodity pricing, inventory levels and product demand. Rig count data is the most widely accepted indicator of drilling activity. Key average rig count data for the last three years ended December 31 is as follows:
 
                                                         
    Year Ended December 31,     2007 vs 2006     2006 vs 2005  
    2007     2006     2005     Count     %     Count     %  
    (In thousands)  
 
U.S. Rig Count
    1,768       1,648       1,380       120       7 %     268       19 %
Canadian Rig Count
    343       472       458       (129 )     (27 )%     14       3 %
                                                         
Total
    2,111       2,120       1,838       (9 )     0 %     282       15 %
 
 
Source: Baker Hughes Incorporated
 
Summarized financial information for our reportable segments is shown in the following table (net of intersegment transfers):
 
                                                         
    Year Ended December 31,     2007 vs 2006     2006 vs 2005  
    2007     2006     2005     $     %     $     %  
    (In thousands)  
 
Segment revenues
                                                       
Fluids systems and engineering
  $ 522,714     $ 481,378     $ 384,208     $ 41,336       9 %   $ 97,170       25 %
Mats and integrated services
    90,050       100,530       92,464       (10,480 )     (10 )%     8,066       9 %
                                                         
Total segment revenues
  $ 612,764     $ 581,908     $ 476,672     $ 30,856       5 %   $ 105,236       22 %
                                                         
Segment operating income
                                                       
Fluids systems and engineering
  $ 66,065     $ 66,616 (1)   $ 40,589     $ (551 )           $ 26,027          
Mats and integrated services
    12,770       15,230       12,616       (2,460 )             2,614          
                                                         
Total segment operating income
    78,835       81,846       53,205       (3,011 )             28,641          
General and administrative expenses
    22,923       20,022       9,546       2,901               10,476          
                                                         
Operating income
  $ 55,912     $ 61,824     $ 43,659     $ (5,912 )           $ 18,165          
                                                         
Segment operating margin
                                                       
Fluids systems and engineering
    12.6 %     13.8 %     10.6 %                                
Mats and integrated services
    14.2 %     15.1 %     13.6 %                                
Total segment operating margin
    12.9 %     14.1 %     11.2 %                                
 
 
(1) Includes $4.3 million of insurance recoveries as a result of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita in the year ended December 31, 2006.


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Year Ended December 31, 2007 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2006
 
Fluids Systems and Engineering
 
Revenues
 
Total revenues by region for this segment were as follows for the years ended December 31, 2007 and 2006:
 
                                 
    Year Ended December 31,     2007 vs 2006  
    2007     2006     $     %  
    (In thousands)  
 
North America
  $ 317,670     $ 304,077     $ 13,593       4 %
Mediterranean and South America
    87,627       61,555       26,072       42 %
                                 
Total drilling fluid and engineering revenues
    405,297       365,632       39,665       11 %
Completion fluids and services
    72,740       72,872       (132 )     0 %
Industrial materials
    44,677       42,874       1,803       4 %
                                 
Total
  $ 522,714     $ 481,378     $ 41,336       9 %
                                 
 
North American drilling fluid and engineering revenues increased 4% to $317.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2007, as compared to $304.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2006. Overall North American rig activity was relatively unchanged during this period, as a 7% increase in the U.S. rig count was partially offset by a 27% decrease in the Canadian rig count. The average number of North American rigs serviced by our business decreased by 7% during this time. This decrease in rigs serviced is primarily related to the weak Canadian market as well as an industry shift toward drilling shallower conventional oil wells in the U.S. market as compared to the deeper wells that we typically service. The decrease in number of rigs serviced by this segment is more than offset by a 14% increase in our average revenue per rig, resulting from our focused efforts to concentrate on deeper and more complex wells, including the off-shore Gulf Coast markets.
 
Mediterranean and South America revenues increased 42% in the year ended December 31, 2007 over 2006 levels, representing 17% of total segment revenues in 2007, compared to 13% in 2006. This increase was driven by increased rig activity and continued penetration into the North African and Romanian markets.
 
Revenues in our completion fluids and industrial materials businesses increased $1.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2007, or 1% as compared to 2006 as increases in U.S. sales activity was partially offset by declines in industrial materials sales into the Canadian market.
 
In 2008, we anticipate that rig activity in the North American markets will remain relatively flat to 2007, while the Mediterranean and South American markets will continue to remain robust, although at a lower rate of growth than experienced in recent years.
 
Operating Income
 
Operating income for this segment decreased $0.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2007 on a $41.3 million increase in revenues, resulting in a decline in operating margin from 13.8% to 12.6%. North American operating profit decreased $5.4 million on a $13.6 million increase in revenues, primarily due to $4.3 million of non-recurring insurance recoveries from Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, which increased operating profits in 2006. In addition, operating profits were negatively impacted by higher operating costs, including significantly higher barite transportation costs, as well as the continued operating costs in the Canadian business which has remained relatively flat, despite the decline in sales volumes. The Mediterranean region operating income increased $6.0 million on a $25.5 million increase in revenues from 2006 to 2007, while the South American operation generated a $1.2 million increase in operating losses, due to costs associated with the start-up of operations.


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Mats and Integrated Services
 
Revenues
 
Total revenues for this segment consisted of the following for the year ended December 31, 2007 and 2006:
 
                                 
    Year Ended December 31,     2007 vs 2006  
    2007     2006     $     %  
    (In thousands)  
 
Mat rental and integrated services
  $ 67,016     $ 60,885     $ 6,131       10 %
Mat sales
    23,034       39,645       (16,611 )     (42 )%
                                 
Total
  $ 90,050     $ 100,530     $ (10,480 )     (10 )%
                                 
 
Total mat rental and integrated services increased by $6.1 million in the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to 2006, primarily due to the SEM acquisition in August 2007, which contributed $5.2 million of revenue during 2007. Revenues for the Gulf Coast region increased by $0.9 million, or 1% over 2006. This increase is primarily attributable to improvements in market penetration, despite lower rig activity in this region compared to 2006.
 
Mat sales primarily consist of composite mats to international markets and export sales of wooden mats to Canada. The decline in mat sales is primarily attributable to a $17.2 million decrease in Canadian sales, due to lower drilling activity and large one-time wooden mat sales recorded in 2006. The remaining $0.6 million increase in revenues is primarily attributable to composite mat export sales.
 
Operating Income
 
Segment operating income declined $2.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2007 on a $10.5 million decrease in revenues, compared to 2006. Operating margins declined to 14.2% for the year ended December 31, 2007 as compared to 15.1% in 2006. The decline in operating margin is primarily attributable to the impact of the change in mat sales volume.
 
General and Administrative Expense
 
General and administrative expense increased $2.9 million to $22.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2007 from 2006. Legal expenses related to the shareholder class action and derivative litigation, including a $1.6 million settlement charge, were $3.8 million in 2007, compared to $0.8 million in 2006. The year ended December 31, 2006 also included $2.5 million of expenses related to the internal investigation conducted by our Audit Committee which resulted in the restatement of financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2005. The remaining spending increase of $2.4 million is primarily attributable to $1.1 million of costs associated with the relocation of the corporate office, a $0.9 million increase in stock-based compensation expense, and salaries and other employee related expenses associated with the addition of new corporate executive officers and staff positions.
 
We anticipate that general and administrative expense in 2008 will decrease from 2007 levels, due to the non-recurring nature of certain charges in 2007, including the expenses associated with the shareholder class action and derivative litigation and the relocation of the corporate office.
 
Interest Expense, net
 
Interest expense, net totaled $20.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2007 as compared to $19.5 million for 2006. The year ended December 31, 2007 includes a $4.0 million non-cash charge to write-off capitalized debt issuance costs associated with termination of the credit facilities in December 2007, while the year ended December 31, 2006 included $1.2 million of charges associated with prepayment penalties and the write-off of debt issuance costs. The remaining $1.9 million decrease is attributable to lower debt balances in 2007.


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Provision for Income Taxes
 
For the year ended December 31, 2007, we recorded an income tax provision of $11.7 million, reflecting an income tax rate of 31.8%. For the year ended December 31, 2006, we recorded an income tax provision of $13.9 million, reflecting an income tax rate of 33.0%. The decrease in effective tax rate from 2006 to 2007 is primarily attributable to the benefits of lower effective rates from foreign operations during 2007 as the proportion of foreign income increased. We expect the effective tax rate in 2008 to be between 34% and 35%.
 
Discontinued Operations
 
During the year ended December 31, 2007, discontinued operations generated pre-tax operating income of $6.4 million ($3.2 million after-tax). The Environmental Services business generated $8.9 million of pre-tax income, which includes $10.5 million of earnings from the U.S. operation, offset by a $1.6 million loss resulting from impairments and other exit costs in the Canadian operation. This income was partially offset by operating losses of $0.8 million from the sawmill facility prior to its August 2007 sale and $1.7 million of losses from the exited Newpark Environmental Water Solutions (“NEWS”) business.
 
During the year ended December 31, 2006, discontinued operations generated a pre-tax loss of $86.9 million ($60.3 million after-tax). The Environmental Services business generated a $65.3 million loss during the period, including a $72.6 million impairment of goodwill and other long-lived assets, while the NEWS business generated a $20.5 million pre-tax loss including a $17.8 million impairment associated with the shut down of this business. The sawmill facility also generated a $1.1 million operating loss during this period.
 
Pre-tax losses from the disposal of discontinued operations were $3.2 million ($1.6 million after-tax) for the year ended December 31, 2007, reflecting the loss generated on the sale of the sawmill facility assets during the third quarter of 2007.
 
The discontinued operations income tax rate for the year ended December 31, 2007 was 49.6%, compared to 30.5% for the year ended December 31, 2006. The high effective tax provision rate in 2007, as well as the low effective tax benefit rate in 2006 are both primarily attributable to a high level of non-deductible losses recorded in the discontinued businesses, including the impairment of goodwill.
 
Year Ended December 31, 2006 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2005
 
Fluids Systems and Engineering
 
Revenues
 
Total revenue for this segment was as follows for 2006 and 2005:
 
                                 
    Year Ended December 31,     2006 vs 2005  
    2006     2005     $     %  
    (In thousands)  
 
North America
  $ 304,077     $ 254,242     $ 49,835       20 %
Mediterranean and South America
    61,555       40,268       21,287       53 %
                                 
Total drilling fluid and engineering revenues
    365,632       294,510       71,122       24 %
Completion fluids and services
    72,872       54,378       18,494       34 %
Industrial materials
    42,874       35,320       7,554       21 %
                                 
Total
  $ 481,378     $ 384,208     $ 97,170       25 %
                                 
 
North American drilling fluids sales and engineering revenues increased 20% to $304.1 million in 2006. Overall North American rig activity increased 15% during this period, while the average number of North American rigs serviced by our business, primarily in the U.S. Gulf Coast, U.S. Central Region and Canada, increased by only 10%. Average revenue per rig, an indication of the complexity and depth of wells being serviced, increased 8% in 2006 as compared to 2005.


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In 2006, our Mediterranean and South American revenues increased 53% over 2005. These increases were driven by North African rig activity and additional segment infrastructure investment in this market.
 
Revenues in our Completion Fluids and Services business increased $18.5 million, or 34%, to $72.9 million in 2006, due to increased investment in the completion fluids business as well as increased market share and higher well completion activity.
 
Revenues of industrial materials increased $7.6 million in 2006, or 21%, as compared to 2005 as a result of higher demand for barite driven by the increased drilling activity in the U.S. markets we serve.
 
Operating Income
 
Operating income for this segment increased $26.0 million in 2006 on a $97.2 million increase in revenues, compared to 2005, representing an incremental operating margin of 26.7%. The operating margin for this segment in 2006 was 13.8%, compared to 10.6% in 2005. Our operating margin was also favorably impacted by the final settlement of our business interruption coverage related to losses incurred as a result of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita totaling $4.3 million, which was recorded as a reduction of costs of revenues. Operating margins for 2006, after adjustment for the business interruption insurance, were 12.9%. The increase in operating margin was principally due to operating leverage gained throughout the segment, a change in mix of revenues and business interruption insurance proceeds. Our completion fluids and services business, typically a higher margin business, had increased revenues of 34% as compared to an increase in total revenue of 25%.
 
Mats and Integrated Services
 
Revenues
 
Total revenue for this segment consists of the following for 2006 and 2005:
 
                                 
    Year Ended December 31,     2006 vs 2005  
    2006     2005     $     %  
    (In thousands)  
 
Mat rental and integrated services
  $ 60,885     $ 57,364     $ 3,521       6 %
Mat sales
    39,645       35,100       4,545       13 %
                                 
Total
  $ 100,530     $ 92,464     $ 8,066       9 %
                                 
 
U.S. oilfield mat rental revenues increased by $6.2 million in 2006, compared to 2005, primarily due to higher drilling activity in the inland Gulf Coast markets. This increase was partially offset by lower revenues from non-oilfield mat rentals, a premium margin market composed principally of seasonal utility and infrastructure construction markets, which decreased $2.7 million.
 
Canadian revenues, primarily related to the sales of wooden mats, increased $5.3 million over 2005, due to increased demand during the first half of 2006 year for our wooden mats in the Western Canada market and a large one-time sale in the first quarter of 2006. This increase in sales was partially offset by lower composite mats sales activity.
 
Operating Income
 
Segment operating income improved $2.6 million in 2006 on an $8.1 million increase in revenues, compared to 2005. This represents an incremental operating margin of 32.4%. Operating margins increased to 15.1% for 2006 as compared to 13.6% in 2005. The improvement in operating income and margins is primarily attributable to the incremental gross profit generated on the increase in revenues.
 
General and Administrative Expense
 
General and administrative expense increased $10.5 million to $20.0 million in 2006. Legal and accounting fees increased $3.3 million. These costs were related to the internal investigation conducted by our Audit Committee in 2006, the resulting restatement of our consolidated financial statements for periods prior to and


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including December 31, 2005 and class action and derivative lawsuits filed relating to the restatement. Consulting fees increased $2.4 million due to strategic planning, the evaluation of the NEWS business, and computer software projects. Payroll, employee placement fees and other employee related costs increased $2.1 million due to additional positions in our corporate office and the relocation of the corporate office. Stock-based compensation increased $1.3 million due to the implementation of Financial Accounting Standards Board Statement No. 123(R) in 2006. Also, we had unfavorable experience in our self-insured insurance programs of approximately $0.8 million in 2006 as compared to 2005.
 
Interest Expense
 
Interest expense increased $3.6 million in 2006 compared to 2005. The increase in interest expense was partially related to the prepayment penalties of approximately $0.4 million on the barite facilities financing, $0.8 million related to the unamortized balance of debt issuance costs related to the 85/8% Senior Subordinated Notes and the loss of $0.8 million on a rate swap agreement for our Mediterranean operations. The remaining increase in interest expense is due to an increase in the average debt outstanding as compared to 2005 as well as higher interest rates in 2006.
 
Provision for Income Taxes
 
For 2006, we recorded an income tax provision of $13.9 million, reflecting an income tax rate of 33.0%. For 2005, we recorded an income tax provision of $9.1 million, reflecting an income tax rate of 32.3%.
 
Discontinued Operations
 
During the year ended December 31, 2006, discontinued operations generated a pre-tax loss of $86.9 million ($60.3 million after-tax). The Environmental Services business generated a $65.3 million loss during the period, which included a $72.6 million impairment of goodwill and other long-lived assets, while the NEWS business generated a $20.5 million pre-tax loss including a $17.8 million impairment associated with the shut down of this business. The sawmill facility also generated a $1.1 million operating loss during this period.
 
During the year ended December 31, 2005, discontinued operations generated pre-tax income of $5.8 million ($3.7 million after-tax). The Environmental Services business generated $6.5 million of operating income during the period, while the NEWS business generated a $0.2 million pre-tax loss and the sawmill facility generated a $0.5 million operating loss during this period.
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
Cash generated from operating activities during the year ended December 31, 2007 totaled $68.2 million. Net income adjusted for non-cash items generated $57.1 million of cash during the period, cash provided by operating activities of discontinued operations was $17.7 million, and changes in working capital used $6.6 million of cash. The working capital increase includes a $12.8 million increase in inventories, largely attributable to timing of inventory receipts and increased transportation costs of barite ore inventory, as well as higher inventory levels required in our growing North Africa business.
 
Net cash used in investing activities was $40.3 million, including $17.0 million of capital expenditures and $23.2 million associated with acquisitions.
 
Net cash used in financing activities during the year ended December 31, 2007 totaled $35.7 million and included $37.7 million in net debt repayments. Proceeds from employee stock plans provided $2.2 million.
 
We anticipate that our working capital requirements for 2008 will change proportionally to our changes in revenue. In February 2008, our Board of Directors approved a plan to repurchase up to $25 million of outstanding shares of common stock and we anticipate capital expenditures in 2008 to be approximately $25 million. Cash generated by net income, the anticipated sale of the Environmental Services business, along with availability under our credit agreements are expected to be adequate to fund our anticipated capital needs. Inflation has not impacted our revenues or income.


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Our long term capitalization was as follows as of December 31:
 
                 
    2007     2006  
    (In thousands)  
 
Term loan
  $ 50,000     $ 149,625  
Revolving credit facility
    117,000       44,825  
Foreign bank lines of credit
    7,676       11,348  
Other
    2,802       7,235  
                 
Total
    177,478       213,033  
Less: current portion
    (18,862 )     (14,996 )
                 
Long-term portion of debt
    158,616       198,037  
Stockholder’s equity
    360,664       323,143  
                 
Total long-term capitalization
  $ 519,280     $ 521,180  
                 
Long-term debt to long-term capitalization
    30.5 %     38.0 %
                 
 
In December 2007, we entered into a $225.0 million Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (“Credit Agreement”) with a five-year term, expiring in December 2012. The proceeds from the Credit Agreement were used to repay in full the outstanding principal balances and accrued interest under both the term credit and revolving credit facilities, both of which were executed during 2006. The Credit Agreement consists of a $175.0 million revolving credit facility along with a $50.0 million term loan (“Term Loan”), which is to be repaid through annual principal repayments of $10.0 million beginning in December 2008. There are no prepayment penalties should we decide to repay the Term Loan in part or in full prior to the scheduled maturity dates. In connection with the Credit Agreement, we capitalized $1.7 million related to loan origination costs.
 
The Credit Agreement is a senior secured obligation, secured by first liens on all of our U.S. tangible and intangible assets, including our accounts receivable and inventory. Additionally, a portion of the capital stock of our non-U.S. subsidiaries have also been pledged as collateral.
 
The Company can elect to borrow under the Credit Agreement at an interest rate either based on the prime rate plus a margin ranging from 0 to 100 basis points or at LIBOR plus a margin ranging from 150 to 250 basis points, both of which margins vary depending on the Company’s leverage. As of December 31, 2007, $150.0 million of the outstanding principal is bearing interest at LIBOR plus 200 basis points, or 6.87%, while the remaining $17.0 million in outstanding principal is bearing interest at Prime Rate plus 50 basis points, or 7.75%. The weighted average interest rates on the outstanding balances under the credit facilities as of December 31, 2007 and 2006 were 6.95% and 7.73%, respectively. At December 31, 2007, $8.1 million in letters of credit were issued and outstanding and $117.0 million was outstanding under our revolving credit facility, leaving $49.9 million of availability at that date.
 
The Credit Agreement contains covenants normal and customary for lending facilities of this nature. The financial covenants include requirements to maintain certain thresholds for a fixed-charge coverage ratio, a consolidated leverage ratio, and a funded debt-to-capitalization ratio. As of December 31, 2007, we were in compliance with these financial covenants. The Credit Agreement also contains covenants that allow for, but limit, our ability to pay dividends, repurchase our common stock, and incur additional indebtednes.
 
In January 2008, we entered into interest rate swap agreements to effectively fix the underlying LIBOR rate on our borrowings under the Term Loan. The initial notional amount of the swap agreements totals $50.0 million, reducing by $10.0 million each December, matching the required principal repayments under the Term Loan. As a result of the swap agreements, we will pay a fixed rate of 3.74% plus the applicable LIBOR margin, which was 200 basis points at December 31, 2007, over the term of the loan.
 
Ava, S.p.A., our European Fluids Systems and Engineering subsidiary (“Ava”) maintains its own credit arrangements consisting primarily of lines of credit with several banks, which are renewed on an annual basis. Advances under these short-term credit arrangements are typically based on a percentage of Ava’s accounts receivable or firm contracts with certain customers. The weighted average interest rate under these arrangements


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was 6.10% at December 31, 2007. As of December 31, 2007, Ava had a total of $7.7 million outstanding under these facilities, including $0.4 million reported in long term debt. We do not provide a corporate guaranty of Ava’s debt.
 
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
 
In conjunction with our insurance programs, we had established letters of credit in favor of certain insurance companies in the amount of $2.3 million and $1.0 million at December 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively. In addition, as of December 31, 2007 and 2006, we had established letters of credit in favor of our barite suppliers in the amount of $5.8 million and $0.5 million, respectively. We also established a letter of credit in favor of our Chief Executive Officer in 2006 in the amount of $3.0 million which was cancelled in 2007. This was entered into in accordance with his employment agreement dated March 22, 2006. As of December 31, 2007 and 2006, we had outstanding guarantee obligations totaling $7.4 million and $8.9 million, respectively, in connection with facility closure bonds and other performance bonds issued by insurance companies.
 
Other than normal operating leases for office and warehouse space, barges, rolling stock and other pieces of operating equipment, we do not have any off-balance sheet financing arrangements or special purpose entities. As such, we are not materially exposed to any financing, liquidity, market or credit risk that could arise if we had engaged in such financing arrangements.
 
Contractual Obligations
 
A summary of our outstanding contractual and other obligations and commitments at December 31, 2007 is as follows:
 
                                         
    2008     2009-2010     2011-2012     Thereafter     Total  
    (In thousands)  
 
Long-term debt
  $ 12,000     $ 20,000     $ 137,000     $     $ 169,000  
Capital leases
    350       452                       802  
Foreign bank lines of credit
    7,297       379                   7,676  
Operating leases
    13,044       12,840       6,461       4,809       37,154  
Trade accounts payable and accrued liabilities
    89,536                         89,536  
Purchase commitments, not accrued
    22,191       44,916                   67,107  
Other long-term liabilities
          6,391                   6,391  
Performance bond obligations
    7,394                         7,394  
Standby letter of credit commitments
    8,060                         8,060  
                                         
Total contractual obligations
  $ 159,872     $ 84,978     $ 143,461     $ 4,809     $ 393,120  
                                         
 
We anticipate that the obligations and commitments listed above that are due in less than one year will be paid from operating cash flows. The specific timing of settlement for certain long-term obligations, including $0.8 million of liabilities recorded in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board Interpretation No. 48, can not be reasonably estimated.
 
Critical Accounting Estimates
 
Our consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles, which requires us to make assumptions, estimates and judgments that affect the amounts and disclosures reported. Estimates used in preparing our consolidated financial statements include the following: allowances for product returns, allowances for doubtful accounts, reserves for inventory obsolescence, reserves for self-insured retentions under insurance programs, fair values used for goodwill impairment testing, undiscounted cash flows used for impairment testing of long-lived assets and valuation allowances for deferred tax assets. Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements contains the accounting policies governing each of these matters. Our estimates are based on historical experience and on our future expectations that are believed to be reasonable. The combination of these factors forms the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities


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that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from our current estimates and those differences may be material.
 
We believe the critical accounting policies described below affect our more significant judgments and estimates used in preparing our consolidated financial statements.
 
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
 
Reserves for uncollectible accounts receivable are determined on a specific identification basis when we believe that the required payment of specific amounts owed to us is not probable.
 
The majority of our revenues are from mid-sized and international oil companies and government-owned or government-controlled oil companies, and we have receivables in several foreign jurisdictions. Changes in oil and gas drilling activity or changes in economic conditions in foreign jurisdictions could cause our customers to be unable to repay these receivables, resulting in additional allowances. Since amounts due from individual customers can be significant, future adjustments to the allowance could be material.
 
Allowance for Sales Returns
 
We maintain reserves for estimated customer returns of unused materials in our fluids systems and engineering segment. The reserves are established based upon historical customer return levels and estimated gross profit levels attributable to product sales.
 
Inventory
 
Reserves for inventory obsolescence are determined based on fair value of the inventory using factors such as our historical usage of inventory on-hand, future expectations related to our customers needs, market conditions and the development of new products. Changes in oil and gas drilling activity and the development of new technologies associated with the drilling industry could require additional allowances to reduce the value of inventory to the lower of its cost or net realizable value.
 
Impairments of Long-lived Assets
 
We perform annual impairment testing of goodwill for each of our reporting units as of November 1, or more frequently if circumstances warrant. We determine impairment of goodwill by comparing the carrying amounts of our reporting units with fair values, which we estimate using a combination of a market multiple and discounted cash flow approach. If the carrying value exceeds the estimated fair value, an impairment charge is recorded in the period in which such review is performed. We identify our reporting units based on our analysis of several factors, including our operating segment structure, evaluation of the economic characteristics of our geographic regions within each of our operating segments, and the extent to which our business units share assets and other resources.
 
We review property, plant and equipment, intangible assets and certain other assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. We assess recoverability based on expected undiscounted future net cash flows. In estimating expected cash flows, we use a probability-weighted approach. Should the review indicate that the carrying value is not fully recoverable, the amount of impairment loss is determined by comparing the carrying value to the fair value, which is estimated based on a discounted cash flow analysis.
 
When we determine that the carrying value of intangibles, long-lived assets and related goodwill may not be recoverable, any impairment is calculated and recorded as an impairment loss.
 
Insurance
 
We maintain reserves for estimated future payments associated with our self-insured employee healthcare programs, as well as the self-insured retention exposures under our general liability, auto liability and workers compensation insurance policies. Our reserves are determined based on historical cost experience under these programs,


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including estimated development of known claims under these programs and estimated incurred-but-not-reported claims.
 
Income Taxes
 
We have net deferred tax assets of $22.1 million at December 31, 2007. A valuation allowance must be established to offset a deferred tax asset if, based on available evidence, it is more likely than not that some or all of the deferred tax asset will not be realized. At December 31, 2007, we had recorded a valuation allowance of $14.1 million for state NOLs as well as various tax carryforwards. We have considered future taxable income and tax planning strategies in assessing the need for our valuation allowance. Should we determine that we would not be able to realize all or part of our net deferred tax assets in the future, an adjustment to the deferred tax assets would be charged to income in the period this determination was made.
 
In July 2006, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Interpretation No. 48, “Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes — an interpretation of FASB Statement No. 109” (“FIN 48”). FIN 48 applies to all tax positions related to income taxes subject to Financial Accounting Standards Board Statement No. 109, “Accounting for Income Taxes.” FIN 48 clarifies the accounting for income taxes by prescribing the minimum recognition threshold a tax position is required to meet before being recognized in the financial statements. Differences between the amounts recognized in the statements of financial position prior to the adoption of FIN 48 and the amounts reported after adoption will be accounted for as a cumulative effect adjustment recorded to the beginning balance of retained earnings. FIN 48 became effective for us in 2007. As a result of the January 1, 2007 implementation of FIN 48, we performed a comprehensive review of possible uncertain tax positions in accordance with recognition standards established by FIN 48. As a result of the implementation of FIN 48, we recognized a liability of $0.8 million resulting in a corresponding increase to the retained deficit balance at January 1, 2007.
 
New Accounting Standards
 
In September 2006, the FASB issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standard No. 157 “Fair Value Measurements” (“SFAS 157”). This standard defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value in accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America and expands disclosure about fair value measurements. This pronouncement applies whenever other accounting standards require or permit assets or liabilities to be measured at fair value. Accordingly, this statement does not require any new fair value measurements. This statement is effective for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2007 and interim periods within those fiscal years. We are currently assessing the impact of applying SFAS 157 on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
 
In February 2007, the FASB issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standard No. 159, “The Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities — Including an Amendment of FASB Statement No. 115” (“SFAS 159”). This statement provides companies with an option to measure, at specified election dates, many financial instruments and certain other items at fair value that are not currently measured at fair value. A company will report unrealized gains and losses on items for which the fair value option has been elected in earnings at each subsequent reporting date. This Statement also establishes presentation and disclosure requirements designed to facilitate comparisons between entities that choose different measurement attributes for similar types of assets and liabilities. SFAS 159 is effective as of the beginning of an entity’s first fiscal year that begins after November 15, 2007. We are currently assessing the impact of applying SFAS 159’s elective fair value option on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
 
In December 2007, the FASB issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standard No. 141R, “Business Combinations” (“FAS 141(R)”). FAS 141(R) retains the fundamental requirements in SFAS 141 that the acquisition method of accounting (which SFAS 141 called the purchase method) be used for all business combinations and for an acquirer to be identified for each business combination. SFAS 141(R) also establishes principles and requirements for how the acquirer: (a) recognizes and measures in its financial statements the identifiable assets acquired, the liabilities assumed, and any noncontrolling interest in the acquiree; (b) improves the completeness of the information reported about a business combination by changing the requirements for recognizing assets acquired and liabilities assumed arising from contingencies; (c) recognizes and measures the goodwill acquired in the


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business combination or a gain from a bargain purchase; and (d) determines what information to disclose to enable users of the financial statements to evaluate the nature and financial effects of the business combination. We will apply SFAS 141(R) prospectively to business combinations for which the acquisition date is after December 31, 2008.
 
In December 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 160, “Noncontrolling Interests in Consolidated Financial Statements, an amendment of ARB No. 51” (“FAS 160”). FAS 160 amends ARB 51 to establish accounting and reporting standards for the noncontrolling (minority) interest in a subsidiary and for the deconsolidation of a subsidiary. It clarifies that a noncontrolling interest in a subsidiary is an ownership interest in the consolidated entity that should be reported as equity in the consolidated financial statements and establishes a single method of accounting for changes in a parent’s ownership interest in a subsidiary that do not result in deconsolidation. SFAS No. 160 is effective for fiscal years beginning on or after December 15, 2008. The Company has not yet determined the impact, if any, that SFAS 160 will have on its consolidated financial statements.
 
ITEM 7A.   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
 
We are exposed to market risk from changes in interest rates and changes in foreign currency rates. A discussion of our primary market risk exposure in financial instruments is presented below.
 
Interest Rate Risk
 
Our policy is to manage exposure to interest rate fluctuations by using a combination of fixed and variable-rate debt. At December 31, 2007, we had total debt outstanding of $177.5 million, all of which is subject to variable rate terms.
 
In January 2008, we entered into interest rate swap agreements to effectively fix the underlying LIBOR interest rate on our borrowings under our Term Loan. The initial notional amount of the swap agreements totals $50.0 million, reducing by $10.0 million each December, matching the required principal repayments under the Term Loan. As a result of the swap agreements, we will pay a fixed rate of 3.74% plus the applicable LIBOR margin, which was 200 basis points at December 31, 2007, over the term of the loan.
 
The remaining $127.5 million of debt outstanding at December 31, 2007 bears interest at a floating rate. At December 31, 2007, the weighted average interest rate under our floating-rate debt was approximately 6.95%. A 200 basis point increase in market interest rates during 2008 would cause our annual interest expense to increase approximately $1.7 million, net of taxes, resulting in a $0.02 per diluted share reduction in annual earnings.
 
As of December 31, 2007, our Ava operation had a swap arrangement in which Ava received a floating rate from a bank and paid a rate which varied based on inflation. Under the terms of the swap, Ava receives an annual payment from the bank based on a Euro notional amount of $5.8 million times the Euribor rate in effect as of the end of the determination period, and pays an annual amount to the bank based on the notional amount times a rate which varies according to both the Euribor rate and the published inflation rate for the Euro area. This arrangement requires annual settlements and matures in February 2015. At December 31, 2007, the fair value of this arrangement represents a liability of approximately $0.7 million. In February 2008, we reached an agreement with the bank to terminate this agreement. The total cost of the termination settlement is not expected to exceed the liability recorded at December 31, 2007.
 
Foreign Currency
 
Our principal foreign operations are conducted in areas surrounding the Mediterranean Sea, Canada and Brazil. We have foreign currency exchange risks associated with these operations, which are conducted principally in the foreign currency of the jurisdictions in which we operate which include European euros, Canadian dollars and Brazilian reals. Historically, we have not used off-balance sheet financial hedging instruments to manage foreign currency risks when we enter into a transaction denominated in a currency other than our local currencies because the dollar amount of these transactions has not warranted our using hedging instruments.


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ITEM 8.   Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
 
Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
 
We are responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in Exchange Act Rule 13(a)-15(f). Our internal control system over financial reporting is designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.
 
Internal control over financial reporting has inherent limitations and may not prevent or detect misstatements. Therefore, even those systems determined to be effective can provide only reasonable assurance, not absolute assurance with respect to the financial statement preparation and presentation. Further, because of changes in conditions, the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting may vary over time.
 
Under the supervision and with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, we have evaluated the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2007 as required by the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934 Rule 13a-15(c). In making its assessment, we have utilized the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO) in a report entitled “Internal Control — Integrated Framework.” We concluded based on our evaluation, our internal control over financial reporting was effective as of December 31, 2007.
 
The effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2007 has been audited by Ernst & Young LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, as stated in their report which is included herein.
 
/s/  Paul L. Howes
Paul L. Howes
President, Chief Executive Officer
 
/s/  James E. Braun
James E. Braun
Vice President and Chief Financial Officer


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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
 
The Board of Directors and Stockholders
Newpark Resources, Inc.
 
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Newpark Resources, Inc. as of December 31, 2007 and 2006, and the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income (loss), stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2007. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.
 
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
 
In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of Newpark Resources, Inc. at December 31, 2007 and 2006, and the consolidated results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2007, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.
 
As discussed in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements, effective January 1, 2007 the Company adopted FASB Interpretation No. 48, Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes — an Interpretation of FASB Statement No. 109, and effective January 1, 2006 the Company adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 123 (revised 2004), Share-Based Payment.
 
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), Newpark Resources, Inc.’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2007, based on criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and our report dated March 6, 2008 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.
 
/s/  Ernst & Young LLP
 
Houston, Texas
March 6, 2008


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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
 
The Board of Directors and Stockholders
Newpark Resources, Inc.
 
We have audited Newpark Resources, Inc.’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2007, based on criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (the COSO criteria). Newpark Resources, Inc.’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting, and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.
 
We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
 
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
 
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
 
In our opinion, Newpark Resources, Inc. maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2007, based on the COSO criteria.
 
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the 2007 consolidated financial statements of Newpark Resources, Inc. and our report dated March 6, 2008 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.
 
/s/ Ernst & Young LLP
 
Houston, Texas
March 6, 2008


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Newpark Resources, Inc.
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets
December 31,
 
                 
    2007     2006  
    (In thousands, except share data)  
 
ASSETS
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 5,741     $ 12,736  
Receivables, net
    141,949       141,790  
Inventories
    120,202       107,778  
Deferred tax asset
    28,439       23,001  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
    12,131       12,176  
Assets of discontinued operations
    86,628       19,880  
                 
Total current assets
    395,090       317,361  
Property, plant and equipment, net
    159,094       152,207  
Goodwill
    62,616       54,624  
Deferred tax asset, net
    408       7,096  
Other intangible assets, net
    18,474       8,236  
Other assets
    6,097       7,440  
Assets of discontinued operations
          82,485  
                 
Total assets
  $ 641,779     $ 629,449  
                 
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Foreign bank lines of credit
  $ 7,297     $ 10,938  
Current maturities of long-term debt
    11,565       4,058  
Accounts payable
    62,505       56,087  
Accrued liabilities
    20,367       21,439  
Liabilities of discontinued operations
    10,456       9,475  
                 
Total current liabilities
    112,190       101,997  
Long-term debt, less current portion
    158,616       198,037  
Deferred tax liability
    5,923        
Other noncurrent liabilities
    4,386       4,344  
Liabilities of discontinued operations
          1,928  
                 
Total liabilities
    281,115       306,306  
Common Stock, $0.01 par value, 100,000,000 shares authorized 90,215,715 and 89,675,292 shares issued and outstanding, respectively
    902       897  
Paid-in capital
    450,319       444,763  
Accumulated other comprehensive income
    13,988       7,940  
Retained deficit
    (104,545 )     (130,457 )
                 
Total stockholders’ equity
    360,664       323,143  
                 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
  $ 641,779     $ 629,449  
                 
 
See Accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements


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Newpark Resources, Inc.
 
Consolidated Statements of Operations
Year Ended December 31,
 
                         
    2007     2006     2005  
    (In thousands, except share and
 
    per share data)  
 
Revenues
  $ 612,764     $ 581,908     $ 476,672  
Cost of revenues
    533,929       500,062       423,467  
                         
      78,835       81,846       53,205  
General and administrative expenses
    22,923       20,022       9,546  
                         
Operating income
    55,912       61,824       43,659  
Foreign currency exchange (gain) loss
    (1,083 )     367       (551 )
Interest expense, net
    20,251       19,546       15,965  
                         
Income from continuing operations before income taxes
    36,744       41,911       28,245  
Provision for income taxes
    11,700       13,851       9,136  
                         
Income from continuing operations
    25,044       28,060       19,109  
Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax
    3,231       (60,341 )     3,672  
Loss from disposal of discontinued operations, net of taxes
    (1,613 )            
                         
Net income (loss)
    26,662       (32,281 )     22,781  
Less: Preferred stock dividends and accretion
                509  
                         
Net income (loss) applicable to common shares
  $ 26,662     $ (32,281 )   $ 22,272  
                         
                         
Basic weighted average common shares outstanding
    90,015       89,333       85,950  
Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding
    90,527       89,871       86,454  
Income (loss) per common share (basic and diluted):
                       
Income from continuing operations
  $ 0.28     $ 0.31     $ 0.22  
Income (loss) from discontinued operations
    0.01       (0.67 )     0.04  
                         
Net income (loss) per common share
  $ 0.29     $ (0.36 )   $ 0.26  
                         


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Newpark Resources, Inc.
 
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Year Ended December 31,
 
                         
    2007     2006     2005  
    (In thousands)  
 
Net income (loss)
  $ 26,662     $ (32,281 )   $ 22,781  
Changes in interest rate swap and cap (net of tax of $129)
    240       (240 )      
Foreign currency translation adjustments
    (5,808 )     564       (583 )
                         
Comprehensive income (loss)
  $ 32,710     $ (31,957 )   $ 22,198  
                         
 
See Accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements


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Newpark Resources, Inc.
 
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity
Year Ended December 31,
 
                                                         
                            Accumulated
             
                      Unearned
    Other
             
    Preferred
    Common
    Paid-In
    Restricted
    Comprehensive
    Retained
       
    Stock     Stock     Capital     Stock     Income     Deficit     Total  
    (In thousands)                          
 
Balance at December 31, 2004
  $ 20,000     $ 840     $ 411,537     $ (472 )   $ 8,199     $ (120,448 )   $ 319,656  
Employee stock options and ESPP
          10       5,189                         5,199  
Stock option compensation expense
                203                         203  
Income tax effect, net, of employee stock options
                (393 )                       (393 )
Amortization of restricted stock
                      237                   237  
Foreign currency translation
                            (583 )           (583 )
Preferred stock dividends
                134                   (509 )     (375 )
Conversion of Series C preferred stock
    (20,000 )     34       19,966                          
Net income
                                  22,781       22,781  
                                                         
Balance at December 31, 2005
          884       436,636       (235 )     7,616       (98,176 )     346,725  
Employee stock options and ESPP
          11       5,611                         5,622  
Stock-based compensation expense
                2,000                         2,000  
Reclass due to implementation of FAS 123(R)
                66       235                   301  
Income tax effect, net, of employee stock options
                452                         452  
Cashless exercise of Series A warrants
          2       (2 )                        
Changes in fair value of interest rate swap and cap (net of tax)
                            (240 )           (240 )
Foreign currency translation
                            564             564  
Net loss
                                  (32,281 )     (32,281 )
                                                         
Balance at December 31, 2006
          897       444,763             7,940       (130,457 )     323,143  
Employee stock options and ESPP
          4       2,239                         2,243  
Stock-based compensation expense
                3,434                         3,434  
Vesting of restricted stock
            1       (1 )                              
Income tax effect, net, of employee stock option activity
                (116 )                       (116 )
Changes in fair value of interest rate swap and cap (net of tax)
                            240             240  
Foreign currency translation
                            5,808             5,804  
Adoption of FIN 48
                                  (750 )     (750 )
Net income
                                  26,662       26,662  
                                                         
Balance at December 31, 2007
  $     $ 902     $ 450,319     $     $ 13,988     $ (104,545 )   $ 360,664  
                                                         
 
See Accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements


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Newpark Resources, Inc.
 
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
Year Ended December 31,
 
                         
    2007     2006     2005  
    (In thousands)  
Cash flows from operating activities:
                       
Net income (loss)
  $ 26,662     $ (32,281 )   $ 22,781  
Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) income to net cash provided by operations:
                       
Net (income) loss from discontinued operations
    (3,231 )     60,341       (3,672 )
Net loss on disposal of discontinued operations
    1,613              
Depreciation and amortization
    19,285       20,612       19,540  
Stock-based compensation expense
    3,434       2,000       741  
Provision for deferred income taxes
    7,983       6,124       8,550  
Provision for doubtful accounts
    1,282       1,693       818  
Loss (gain) on sale of assets
    30       (863 )     (1,383 )
Change in assets and liabilities:
                       
Decrease (increase) in receivables
    4,038       (13,250 )     (42,735 )
Increase in inventories
    (12,762 )     (21,017 )     (5,704 )
Decrease (increase) in other assets
    2,298       (6,262 )     (4,225 )
Increase (decrease) in accounts payable
    4,945       (3,895 )     9,760  
(Decrease) increase in accrued liabilities and other
    (5,070 )     7,370       14,899  
                         
Net operating activities of continuing operations
    50,507       20,572       19,370  
Net operating activities of discontinued operations
    17,681       6,231       10,175  
                         
Net cash provided by operating activities
    68,188       26,803       29,545  
                         
Cash flows from investing activities:
                       
Capital expenditures
    (17,036 )     (25,790 )     (28,731 )
Proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment
    986       2,622       1,471  
Insurance proceeds from property, plant and equipment claim
          3,471       1,365  
Business acquisitions
    (23,203 )           (881 )
                         
Net investing activities of continuing operations
    (39,253 )     (19,697 )     (26,776 )
Net investing activities of discontinued operations
    (1,039 )     (10,601 )     (7,053 )
                         
Net cash used in investing activities
    (40,292 )     (30,298 )     (33,829 )
                         
Cash flows from financing activities:
                       
Net borrowings on lines of credit
    67,369       10,858       8,969  
Principal payments on notes payable and long-term debt
    (155,026 )     (157,796 )     (14,227 )
Long-term borrowings
    50,000       150,132       4,664  
Proceeds from exercise of stock options and ESPP
    2,243       5,622       5,199  
Excess tax benefit from exercise of stock options
          644       427  
Preferred stock dividends paid in cash
                (375 )
                         
Net financing activities of continuing operations
    (35,414 )     9,460       4,657  
Net financing activities of discontinued operations
    (235 )     (887 )     985  
                         
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities
    (35,649 )     8,573       5,642  
                         
Effect of exchange rate changes
    758       314       (371 )
                         
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents
    (6,995 )     5,392       987  
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year
    12,736       7,344       6,357  
                         
Cash and cash equivalents at end of year
  $ 5,741     $ 12,736     $ 7,344  
                         
Cash paid for:
                       
Income taxes (net of refunds)
  $ 6,785     $ 3,846     $ 2,537  
Interest
  $ 17,905     $ 19,040     $ 16,493  
 
See Accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements


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NEWPARK RESOURCES, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
1.   Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
 
Organization and Principles of Consolidation.  Newpark Resources, Inc., a Delaware corporation, provides integrated fluids management and well site preparation products and services to the oil and gas exploration and production (“E&P”) industry, principally in the U.S. Gulf Coast, West Texas, the U.S. mid-continent, the U.S. Rocky Mountains, Canada, Mexico, Brazil and areas of Europe and North Africa surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. The consolidated financial statements include our company and our wholly-owned subsidiaries (“we,” “our” or “us”). All material intercompany transactions are eliminated in consolidation. We have reclassified certain items previously reported to conform with the presentation at December 31, 2007. These reclassifications primarily relate to discontinued operations, as described in Note 2.
 
Use of Estimates and Market Risks.  The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Estimates used in preparing our consolidated financial statements include, but are not limited to, the following: allowances for product returns, allowances for doubtful accounts, reserves for inventory obsolescence, reserves for self-insured retentions under insurance programs, fair values used for goodwill impairment testing, undiscounted cash flows used for impairment testing of long-lived assets and valuation allowances for deferred tax assets.
 
Our operating results depend primarily on oil and gas drilling activity levels in the markets we serve. Drilling activity, in turn, depends on oil and gas commodities pricing, inventory levels and product demand. Oil and gas prices and activity are cyclical and volatile. This market volatility has a significant impact on our operating results.
 
Cash Equivalents.  All highly liquid investments with a remaining maturity of three months or less at the date of acquisition are classified as cash equivalents.
 
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts.  Reserves for uncollectible accounts receivable are determined on a specific identification basis when we believe that the required payment of specific amounts owed to us is not probable.
 
The majority of our revenues are from mid-sized and international oil companies and government-owned or government-controlled oil companies, and we have receivables in several foreign jurisdictions. Changes in oil and gas drilling activity or changes in economic conditions in foreign jurisdictions could cause our customers to be unable to repay these receivables, resulting in additional allowances. Since amounts due from individual customers can be significant, future adjustments to the allowance could be material.
 
Allowance for Sales Returns.  We maintain reserves for estimated customer returns of unused materials in our fluids systems and engineering segment. The reserves are established based upon historical customer return levels and estimated gross profit levels attributable to product sales.
 
Inventories.  Inventories are stated at the lower of cost (principally average and first-in, first-out) or market. Certain conversion costs associated with the acquisition, production and blending of inventory in our Fluids Systems and Engineering segment are capitalized as a component of the carrying value of the inventory and expensed as a component of cost of revenues as the products are sold. Reserves for inventory obsolescence are determined based on fair value of the inventory using factors such as our historical usage of inventory on-hand, future expectations related to our customers needs, market conditions and the development of new products. Due to the types of inventory that we carry, obsolescence is generally immaterial.
 
Property, Plant and Equipment.  Property, plant and equipment are recorded at cost. Additions and improvements are capitalized. Maintenance and repairs are charged to expense as incurred. The cost of property, plant and equipment sold or otherwise disposed of and the accumulated depreciation thereon are eliminated from the property and related accumulated depreciation accounts, and any gain or loss is credited or charged to income.


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NEWPARK RESOURCES, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
For financial reporting purposes, except as described below, depreciation is provided on property, plant and equipment, including assets held under capital leases, by utilizing the straight-line method over the following estimated useful service lives:
 
         
Computers, autos and light trucks
    2-5 years  
Wooden mats
    3-5 years  
Composite mats
    7-15 years  
Tractors and trailers
    10-15 years  
Machinery and heavy equipment
    5-15 years  
Owned buildings
    20-35 years  
Leasehold improvements
    lease term, including all renewal options  
 
Depreciation expense was $18.1 million, $19.0 million and $17.4 million for the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively.
 
We compute the provision for depreciation on certain of our barite grinding mills using the unit-of-production method. In applying this method, we have considered certain factors which affect the expected production units (lives) of these assets. These factors include obsolescence, periods of non-use for normal maintenance and economic slowdowns.
 
Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets.  Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price of acquisitions over the fair value of the net identifiable assets acquired. Goodwill and other intangible assets with indefinite lives are not amortized. Intangible assets with finite useful lives are amortized either on a straight-line basis over the asset’s estimated useful life or on a basis that reflects the pattern in which the economic benefits of the asset are realized. Any period costs of maintaining intangible assets are expensed as incurred.
 
Impairment of Long-Lived Assets.  We perform annual impairment testing of goodwill for each of our reporting units as of November 1, or more frequently if circumstances warrant. We determine impairment of goodwill by comparing the carrying amounts of our reporting units with fair values, which we estimate using a combination of a market multiple and discounted cash flow approach. If the carrying value exceeds the estimated fair value, an impairment charge is recorded in the period in which such review is performed. We identify our reporting units based on our analysis of several factors, including our operating segment structure, evaluation of the economic characteristics of our geographic regions within each of our operating segments, and the extent to which our business units share assets and other resources.
 
We review property, plant and equipment, intangible assets and certain other assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. We assess recoverability based on expected undiscounted future net cash flows. In estimating expected cash flows, we use a probability-weighted approach. Should the review indicate that the carrying value is not fully recoverable, the amount of impairment loss is determined by comparing the carrying value to the fair value, which is estimated based on a discounted cash flow analysis.
 
Insurance.  We maintain reserves for estimated future payments associated with our self-insured employee healthcare programs, as well as the self-insured retention exposures under our general liability, auto liability and workers compensation insurance policies. Our reserves are determined based on historical cost experience under these programs, including estimated development of known claims under these programs and estimated incurred-but-not-reported claims.
 
Revenue Recognition.  The Fluids Systems and Engineering segment recognizes sack and bulk material additive revenues upon shipment of materials and passage of title. Formulated liquid systems revenues are recognized when utilized or lost downhole while drilling. An allowance for product returns is maintained, reflecting


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NEWPARK RESOURCES, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
estimated future customer product returns. Engineering and related services are provided to customers at agreed upon hourly or daily rates, and revenues are recognized when the services are performed.
 
For the Mats and Integrated Services segment, revenues for sales of wooden or composite mats are recognized when title passes to the customer, which is upon shipment or delivery, depending upon the terms of the underlying sales contract.
 
Revenues in the Mats and Integrated Services segment are generated from both fixed price and unit-priced contracts, which are short-term in duration. The activities under these contracts include site preparation, pit design, construction and drilling waste management, and installation and rental of composite or wooden mat systems during an initial period. This initial period, which is generally 60 days, includes revenues and costs for site preparation, installation and use of mat systems. Revenues from services provided under these contracts are recorded as specified services are completed. Revenues from the rental of mat systems are recognized evenly over the initial contract period and any subsequent renewals.
 
Shipping and handling costs are reflected in cost of revenues, and all reimbursements by customers of shipping and handling costs are included in revenues.
 
Income Taxes.  We provide for deferred taxes using an asset and liability approach by measuring deferred tax assets and liabilities due to temporary differences existing at year end using currently enacted tax rates and laws that will be in effect when the differences are expected to reverse. We reduce deferred tax assets by a valuation allowance when, based on our estimates, it is more likely than not that a portion of those assets will not be realized in a future period. The estimates utilized in recognition of deferred tax assets are subject to revision, either up or down, in future periods based on new facts or circumstances.
 
In July 2006, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Interpretation No. 48, “Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes — an interpretation of FASB Statement No. 109” (“FIN 48”). FIN 48 applies to all tax positions related to income taxes subject to Financial Accounting Standards Board Statement No. 109, “Accounting for Income Taxes.” FIN 48 clarifies the accounting for income taxes by prescribing the minimum recognition threshold a tax position is required to meet before being recognized in the financial statements. Differences between the amounts recognized in the statements of financial position prior to the adoption of FIN 48 and the amounts reported after adoption will be accounted for as a cumulative effect adjustment recorded to the beginning balance of retained earnings. FIN 48 became effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2006. As a result of the January 1, 2007 implementation of FIN 48, we performed a comprehensive review of possible uncertain tax positions in accordance with recognition standards established by FIN 48. As a result of the implementation of FIN 48, we recognized a liability of $0.8 million resulting in a corresponding increase to the retained deficit balance at January 1, 2007.
 
Stock-Based Compensation.  Effective January 1, 2006, we recognized stock-based compensation in accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standard No. 123(R) “Share-Based Payment,” (“SFAS 123(R)”) using a modified prospective method of application. SFAS 123(R) requires that all share-based payments to employees, including grants of employee stock options, be recognized in the income statement based on their fair values. We use the Black-Scholes option-pricing model for measuring the fair value of stock options granted. Under the provisions of SFAS 123(R) and using the modified prospective application method, we recognize stock-based compensation based on the grant date fair value, net of an estimated forfeiture rate, for all share-based awards granted after December 31, 2005, and granted prior to, but not yet vested as of December 31, 2005, on a straight-line basis over the requisite service periods of the awards, which is generally equivalent to the vesting term. Under the modified prospective application, the results of prior periods were not restated.
 
Foreign Currency Transactions.  The majority of our transactions are in U.S. dollars; however, our foreign subsidiaries maintain their accounting records in the respective local currency. These currencies are converted to U.S. dollars with the effect of the foreign currency translation reflected in “accumulated other comprehensive income,” a component of stockholders’ equity. Foreign currency transaction gains (losses), if any, are credited or


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NEWPARK RESOURCES, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
charged to income. We recorded a net transaction gain (loss) totaling $1.1 million, ($0.4) million, and $0.6 million in 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively. At December 31, 2007 and 2006, cumulative foreign currency translation gains, net of tax, related to foreign subsidiaries reflected in stockholders’ equity amounted to $13.8 million and $8.0 million, respectively.
 
Derivative Financial Instruments.  We monitor our exposure to various business risks including interest rates and foreign currency exchange rates and occasionally use derivative financial instruments to manage the impact of certain of these risks. At the inception of a new derivative, we designate the derivative as a cash flow or fair value hedge or we determine the derivative to be undesignated as a hedging instrument based on the underlying facts. See Note 14 for further information regarding our derivative financial instruments.
 
New Accounting Standards.  In September 2006, the FASB issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standard No. 157 “Fair Value Measurements” (“SFAS 157”). This standard defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value in accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America and expands disclosure about fair value measurements. This pronouncement applies whenever other accounting standards require or permit assets or liabilities to be measured at fair value. Accordingly, this statement does not require any new fair value measurements. This statement is effective for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2007 and interim periods within those fiscal years. We are currently assessing the impact of applying SFAS 157 on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
 
In February 2007, the FASB issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standard No. 159, “The Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities — Including an Amendment of FASB Statement No. 115” (“SFAS 159”). This statement provides companies with an option to measure, at specified election dates, many financial instruments and certain other items at fair value that are not currently measured at fair value. A company will report unrealized gains and losses on items for which the fair value option has been elected in earnings at each subsequent reporting date. This Statement also establishes presentation and disclosure requirements designed to facilitate comparisons between entities that choose different measurement attributes for similar types of assets and liabilities. SFAS 159 is effective as of the beginning of an entity’s first fiscal year that begins after November 15, 2007. We are currently assessing the impact of applying SFAS 159’s elective fair value option on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
 
In December 2007, the FASB issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standard No. 141R, “Business Combinations” (“SFAS 141(R)”). SFAS 141(R) retains the fundamental requirements in SFAS 141 that the acquisition method of accounting (which SFAS 141 called the purchase method) be used for all business combinations and for an acquirer to be identified for each business combination. SFAS 141(R) also establishes principles and requirements for how the acquirer: (a) recognizes and measures in its financial statements the identifiable assets acquired, the liabilities assumed, and any noncontrolling interest in the acquiree; (b) improves the completeness of the information reported about a business combination by changing the requirements for recognizing assets acquired and liabilities assumed arising from contingencies; (c) recognizes and measures the goodwill acquired in the business combination or a gain from a bargain purchase; and (d) determines what information to disclose to enable users of the financial statements to evaluate the nature and financial effects of the business combination. We will apply SFAS 141(R) prospectively to business combinations for which the acquisition date is after December 31, 2008.
 
In December 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 160, “Noncontrolling Interests in Consolidated Financial Statements, an amendment of ARB No. 51” (“SFAS 160”). SFAS 160 amends ARB 51 to establish accounting and reporting standards for the noncontrolling (minority) interest in a subsidiary and for the deconsolidation of a subsidiary. It clarifies that a noncontrolling interest in a subsidiary is an ownership interest in the consolidated entity that should be reported as equity in the consolidated financial statements and establishes a single method of accounting for changes in a parent’s ownership interest in a subsidiary that do not result in deconsolidation. SFAS No. 160 is effective for fiscal years beginning on or after December 15, 2008. The Company has not yet determined the impact, if any, that SFAS 160 will have on its consolidated financial statements.


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NEWPARK RESOURCES, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Note 2 — Discontinued Operations
 
During October 2007, we entered into a definitive agreement to sell our U.S. Environmental Services business for $81.5 million in cash, and potentially an additional $8 million under the terms of the five-year earn out provision. The sale is expected to close during the second quarter of 2008 subject to customary closing requirements. In conjunction with this action, we exited certain Environmental Services activities in the Canadian market during the third quarter of 2007, which resulted in charges of $1.5 million. As a result of these developments, we reclassified all assets, liabilities and results of our U.S. and Canadian Environmental Services operations to discontinued operations for all periods presented.
 
During the third quarter of 2007, we completed the sale of a sawmill facility that historically supplied wood products to third parties and provided wooden mat materials for our Mats and Integrated Services segment. As a result of this sale, we recorded a loss from disposal of discontinued operations of $3.2 million ($1.6 million after-tax).
 
During 2006, we shut down the operations of Newpark Environmental Water Solutions, (“NEWS”), and disposed of certain assets related to this operation along with the disposal and water treatment operations in Wyoming which existed prior to the start up of NEWS. Operations ceased at these facilities during the fourth quarter of 2006 (except as required to maintain permits), and all remaining assets of these businesses are held for sale.
 
During the year ended December 31, 2006, discontinued operations generated a pre-tax loss of $86.9 million ($60.3 million after-tax). The Environmental Services business generated a $65.3 million loss during the period, including a $72.6 million impairment of goodwill and other long-lived assets, while the NEWS business generated a $20.5 million pre-tax loss including a $17.8 million impairment associated with the shut down of this business. The sawmill facility also generated a $1.1 million operating loss during this period.
 
During the year ended December 31, 2007, discontinued operations generated pre-tax operating income of $6.4 million ($3.2 million after-tax). The Environmental Services business generated $8.9 million of pre-tax income, which includes $10.5 million of earnings from the U.S. operation, offset by a $1.6 million loss resulting from impairments and other exit costs in the Canadian operation. This income was partially offset by operating losses of $0.8 million from the sawmill facility prior to its August 2007 sale and $1.7 million of losses from the exited NEWS business.
 
We reclassified all assets, liabilities and the results of operations for the above businesses to discontinued operations for all periods presented. Summarized results of operations from discontinued operations are as follows:
 
                         
    Year-Ended December 31,  
    2007     2006     2005  
    (In thousands)  
 
Revenues
  $ 75,780     $ 87,623     $ 78,346  
Income (loss) from discontinued operations before income taxes
    6,413       (86,861 )     5,846  
Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax
    3,231       (60,341 )     3,672  
Loss from disposal of discontinued operations, before tax
    (3,200 )            
Loss from disposal of discontinued operations, net of tax
    (1,613 )            


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NEWPARK RESOURCES, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Assets and liabilities of discontinued operations as of December 31, 2007 and December 31, 2006 are as follows:
 
                 
    December 31,  
    2007     2006  
    (In thousands)  
 
Receivables, net
  $ 10,599     $ 14,732  
Inventories
    341       3,962  
Other current assets
    1,002       1,186  
Property, plant and equipment
    69,175       75,811  
Other assets
    5,511       6,674  
                 
Assets of discontinued operations
  $ 86,628     $ 102,365  
                 
Accounts payable
  $ 6,165     $ 7,228  
Other Accrued liabilities
    1,587       2,386  
Deferred tax liability
    2,704       1,789  
                 
Liabilities of discontinued operations
  $ 10,456     $ 11,403  
                 
 
3.   Acquisitions
 
In August 2007, we completed the acquisition of substantially all of the assets and operations of SEM Construction Company (“SEM”), headquartered in Grand Junction, Colorado. SEM is a full-service well site construction company engaged in construction, reclamation, maintenance, and general rig work for the oil and gas industry at drilling locations throughout Western Colorado. SEM is reported within the Mats and Integrated Services segment and generated revenues of $5.2 million and operating income of $0.5 million during 2007.
 
Total cash consideration paid was $21.3 million which was funded by borrowing on our revolving credit facility. The final purchase price is subject to adjustment for actual working capital conveyed at closing, for which $0.3 million is expected to be paid by us during the first quarter of 2008.
 
The following table summarizes the estimated fair value of the assets acquired at the date of acquisition:
 
         
    (In thousands)  
 
Receivables, net
  $ 2,093  
Property, plant and equipment
    4,800  
Goodwill
    4,576  
Employment and non-compete agreements (4.5 year life)
    1,914  
Customer relationships (10.6 year life)
    8,294  
         
Total
  $ 21,677  
         
 
We are accounting for this acquisition using the purchase method of accounting and have established acquired asset values using a third party valuation firm. While the purchase price allocation has been completed, the initial allocation of the purchase price is subject to change for a period of one year following the acquisition.
 
During the year, we made two additional acquisitions that were immaterial and not included in table above. Total cash paid for these acquisitions was $1.5 million.


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NEWPARK RESOURCES, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
4.   Goodwill, Other Intangibles and Impairments of Long-Lived Assets
 
Changes in the carrying amount of goodwill by reportable segment are as follows:
 
                         
          Mats and
       
    Fluids Systems
    Integrated
       
    & Engineering     Services     Total  
    (In thousands)  
 
Balance at January 1, 2005
  $ 44,576     $ 9,911     $ 54,487  
Effects of foreign currency
    (728 )           (728 )
                         
Balance at December 31, 2005
    43,848       9,911       53,759  
Effects of foreign currency
    865             865  
                         
Balance at December 31, 2006
    44,713       9,911       54,624  
Acquisitions
    884       4,576       5,460  
Effects of foreign currency
    2,532             2,532  
                         
Balance at December 31, 2007
  $ 48,129     $ 14,487     $ 62,616  
                         
 
Acquisitions in 2007 include $4.6 million associated with the acquisition of SEM. The $0.9 million acquisition in Fluids Systems & Engineering relates to our purchase of a minority ownership in our subsidiary in Brazil.
 
Other Intangible Assets.  Other intangible assets consist of the following:
 
                                                 
    December 31, 2007     December 31, 2006  
    Gross
                Gross
             
    Carrying
    Accumulated
    Intangible
    Carrying
    Accumulated
    Intangible
 
    Amount     Amortization     Assets, Net     Amount     Amortization     Assets, Net  
    (In thousands)  
 
Technology related
  $ 10,961     $ (5,798 )   $ 5,163     $ 11,080     $ (5,514 )   $ 5,566  
Customer related
    10,757       (978 )     9,779       1,221       (488 )     733  
Employment related
    2,554       (622 )     1,932       640       (160 )     480  
                                                 
Total amortizing intangible assets
    24,272       (7,398 )     16,874       12,941       (6,162 )     6,779  
                                                 
Contract related
    660             660       601             601  
Marketing related
    940             940       856             856  
                                                 
Total non-amortizing intangible assets
    1,600             1,600       1,457             1,457  
                                                 
Total intangible assets
  $ 25,872     $ (7,398 )   $ 18,474     $ 14,398     $ (6,162 )   $ 8,236  
                                                 
 
During 2007, we recorded $8.3 million in customer related intangible assets and $1.9 million in employment related intangible assets associated with the SEM acquisition.
 
Total amortization expense for the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005 related to other intangible assets was $1.2 million, $1.0 million, and $2.1 million, respectively.


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NEWPARK RESOURCES, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Estimated future amortization expense for the years ended December 31 is as follows (in thousands):
 
         
2008
  $ 3,559  
2009
    2,890  
2010
    2,595  
2011
    2,051  
2012
    1,507  
Thereafter
    4,272  
         
Total
  $ 16,874  
         
 
5.   Inventories
 
Inventories consisted of the following items at December 31:
 
                 
    2007     2006  
    (In thousands)  
 
Finished goods-composite mats
  $ 4,320     $ 14,458  
Raw Materials and components:
               
Drilling fluids raw material and components
    110,173       89,240  
Supplies and other
    5,709       4,080  
                 
Total raw materials and components
    115,882       93,320  
                 
Total
  $ 120,202     $ 107,778  
                 
 
6.   Property, Plant and Equipment
 
Our investment in property, plant and equipment consisted of the following at December 31:
 
                 
    2007     2006  
    (In thousands)  
 
Land
  $ 6,218     $ 5,469  
Buildings and improvements
    28,767       28,746  
Machinery and equipment
    173,502       154,301  
Construction in progress
    2,247       6,170  
Mats
    55,095       53,370  
Other
    5,028       3,432  
                 
      270,857       251,488  
Less accumulated depreciation
    (111,763 )     (99,281 )
                 
Property, plant and equipment, net
  $ 159,094     $ 152,207  
                 


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NEWPARK RESOURCES, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
7.   Financing Arrangements
 
Financing arrangements consisted of the following at December 31, 2007 and 2006:
 
                 
    2007     2006  
    (In thousands)  
 
Term credit facility
  $ 50,000     $ 149,625  
Revolving credit facility
    117,000       44,825  
Foreign bank lines of credit
    7,676       11,348  
Other
    2,802       7,235  
                 
Total
  $ 177,478     $ 213,033  
Less: current portion
    (18,862 )     (14,996 )
                 
Long-term portion
  $ 158,616     $ 198,037  
                 
 
In December 2007, we entered into a $225.0 million Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (“Credit Agreement”) with a five-year term, expiring in December 2012. The proceeds from the Credit Agreement were used to repay in full the outstanding principal balances and accrued interest under both the Term Credit and Revolving Credit Facilities, both of which were executed during 2006. The Credit Agreement consists of a $175.0 million Revolving Credit Facility along with a $50.0 million Term Loan, which is to be repaid through annual principal repayments of $10.0 million beginning in December 2008. There are no prepayment penalties should we decide to repay the Term Loan in part or in full prior to the scheduled amortization and maturity date. In connection with the Credit Agreement, we capitalized $1.7 million related to loan origination costs.
 
The Credit Agreement is a senior secured obligation, secured by first liens on all of our U.S. tangible and intangible assets, including our accounts receivable and inventory. Additionally, a portion of the capital stock of our non-U.S. subsidiaries have also been pledged as collateral.
 
The Company can elect to borrow under the Credit Agreement at an interest rate either based on the Prime Rate plus a margin ranging from 0 to 100 basis points or at LIBOR plus a margin ranging from 150 to 250 basis points, both of which margins vary depending on the Company’s leverage. As of December 31, 2007, $150.0 million of the outstanding principal is bearing interest at LIBOR plus 200 basis points, or 6.87%, while the remaining $17.0 million outstanding principal is bearing interest at Prime Rate plus 50 basis points, or 7.75%. The weighted average interest rates on the outstanding balances under the credit facilities as of December 31, 2007 and 2006 were 6.95% and 7.73%, respectively. At December 31, 2007, $8.1 million in letters of credit were issued and outstanding and $117.0 million was outstanding under the Revolving Credit Facility, leaving $49.9 million of availability at that date.
 
The Credit Agreement contains covenants normal and customary for lending facilities of this nature. The financial covenants include requirements to maintain certain thresholds for a fixed-charge coverage ratio, a consolidated leverage ratio, and a funded debt-to-capitalization ratio. As of December 31, 2007, we were in compliance with these financial covenants. The Credit Agreement also contains covenants that allow for, but limit, our ability to pay dividends, repurchase our common stock, and incur additional indebtednes.
 
In January 2008, we entered into interest rate swap agreements to effectively fix the underlying LIBOR rate on our borrowings under the Term Loan. The initial notional amount of the swap agreements totals $50.0 million, reducing by $10.0 million each December, matching the required principal repayments under the Term Loan. As a result of the swap agreements, we will pay a fixed rate of 3.74% plus the applicable LIBOR margin, which was 200 basis points at December 31, 2007, over the term of the loan.
 
Ava, S.p.A., our European Fluids Systems and Engineering subsidiary (“Ava”) maintains its own credit arrangements consisting primarily of lines of credit with several banks, which are renewed on an annual basis. Advances under these short-term credit arrangements are typically based on a percentage of Ava’s accounts


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NEWPARK RESOURCES, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
receivable or firm contracts with certain customers. The weighted average interest rate under these arrangements was 6.10% at December 31, 2007. As of December 31, 2007, Ava had a total of $7.7 million outstanding under these facilities, including $0.4 million reported in long term debt. We do not provide a corporate guaranty of Ava’s debt.
 
During 2005, we entered into a secured financing facility which provided up to $8 million in financing for wooden mat additions. At December 31, 2007, there was $1.5 million outstanding under this facility, with an effective interest rate at that time of 8.68%.
 
For the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006, and 2005, we incurred net interest expense of $20.3 million, $19.6 million, and $16.0 million, respectively. During the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005, $0.1 million, $0.5 million and $0.8 million was capitalized, respectively, on qualifying construction projects.
 
Scheduled maturities of all long-term debt are as follows:
 
         
    (In thousands)  
 
2008
  $ 19,647  
2009
    10,723  
2010
    10,108  
2011
    10,000  
2012
    127,000  
         
Total
  $ 177,478  
         
 
8.   Income Taxes
 
The provision for income taxes charged to continuing operations was as follows:
 
                         
    Year Ended December 31,  
    2007     2006     2005  
    (In thousands)  
 
Current tax expense :
                       
U.S. Federal
  $ 447     $ 667     $ 411  
State
    2,439       746       281  
Foreign
    3,062       2,531       620  
                         
Total current
    5,948       3,944       1,312  
Deferred tax expense (benefit):
                       
U.S. Federal
    7,152       9,458       7,696  
State
    (733 )     62       (96 )
Foreign
    (667 )     387       224  
                         
Total deferred
    5,752       9,907       7,824  
                         
Total provision
  $ 11,700     $ 13,851     $ 9,136  
                         
 
The total provision (benefit) was allocated to the following component of income (loss):
 
                         
    Year Ended December 31,  
    2007     2006     2005  
    (In thousands)  
 
Income from continuing operations
  $ 11,700     $ 13,851     $ 9,136  
Income (loss) from discontinued operations
    1,595       (26,520 )     2,174  
                         
Total provision (benefit)
  $ 13,295     $ (12,669 )   $ 11,310  
                         


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NEWPARK RESOURCES, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Income from continuing operations before income taxes was as follows:
 
                         
    Year Ended December 31,  
    2007     2006     2005  
    (In thousands)  
 
U.S. 
  $ 24,516     $ 31,276     $ 24,484  
Foreign
    12,228       10,635       3,761  
                         
Income from continuing operations before income taxes
  $ 36,744     $ 41,911     $ 28,245  
                         
 
The effective income tax rate is reconciled to the statutory federal income tax rate as follows:
 
                         
    Year Ended December 31,  
    2007     2006     2005  
 
Income tax expense at federal statutory rate
    35.0 %     35.0 %     35.0 %
Nondeductible expenses
    2.9 %     4.2 %     2.8 %
Different rates on (losses) earnings of foreign operations
    (4.2 )%     (0.9 )%     0.7 %
Tax exempt foreign earnings due to tax holidays
    (0.8 )%     (2.9 )%      
State tax expense, net
    2.5 %     1.3 %     0.7 %
Deferred taxes no longer required
                (2.2 )%
Other
    (3.6 )%     (3.6 )%     (4.7 )%
                         
Total income tax expense
    31.8 %     33.1 %     32.3 %
                         


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NEWPARK RESOURCES, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Temporary differences and carryforwards which give rise to a significant portion of deferred tax assets and liabilities at December 31, 2007 and 2006 are as follows:
 
                 
    2007     2006  
    (In thousands)  
 
Deferred tax assets:
               
Net operating losses
  $ 47,287     $ 53,283  
Accruals not currently deductible
    4,088       3,657  
Bad debts
    1,329       837  
Alternative minimum tax credits
    3,606       3,091  
Foreign tax credits
    1,642       1,635  
Other
    2,092       2,656  
                 
Total deferred tax assets
    60,044       65,159  
Valuation allowance
    (14,064 )     (12,566 )
                 
Total deferred tax assets, net of allowances
    45,980       52,593  
Deferred tax liabilities:
               
Accelerated depreciation and amortization
    20,852       21,480  
Other
    3,015       1,016  
                 
Total deferred tax liabilities
    23,867       22,496  
                 
Total net deferred tax assets
  $ 22,113     $ 30,097  
                 
Current portion of deferred tax assets
  $ 28,439     $ 23,001  
Non current portion of deferred tax assets
    408       7,096  
Current portion of deferred tax liabilities
    (811 )      
Non current portion of deferred tax liabilities
    (5,923 )      
                 
Net deferred tax assets
  $ 22,113     $ 30,097  
                 
 
For U.S. federal income tax purposes, we have net operating loss carryforwards (“NOLs”) of approximately $90.1 million that, if not used, will expire in 2019 through 2023. We also have approximately $3.6 million of alternative minimum tax credit carryforwards, which are not subject to expiration and are available to offset future regular income taxes subject to certain limitations. Additionally, for state income tax purposes, we have NOLs of approximately $256 million available to reduce future state taxable income. These NOLs expire in varying amounts beginning in year 2008 through 2027.
 
At December 31, 2007, we have recognized a net deferred tax asset of $22.1 million. The realization of this deferred tax asset is dependent on our ability to generate taxable income in future periods. The Company has cumulative income in recent years and we believe that our estimate of our ability to generate future earnings based on our present operations and the current market outlook supports recognition of this amount. A valuation allowance must be established to offset a deferred tax asset if, based on available evidence, it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax asset will not be realized. At December 31, 2007 and December 31, 2006, we have recorded a valuation allowance in the amount of $14.1 million and $12.6 million, respectively. The increase in the valuation allowance was primarily due to additional state NOLs.
 
In 2005, the valuation allowance increased $1.5 million, net due to an increase of $0.6 million for 65% of the foreign tax credits generated during 2005 and an increase of $0.9 million for an adjustment to state tax NOLs.


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NEWPARK RESOURCES, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Unremitted foreign earnings permanently reinvested abroad upon which deferred income taxes have not been provided aggregated approximately $24.0 million and $10.9 million at December 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively. We have the ability and intent to leave these foreign earnings permanently reinvested abroad.
 
We operate in a foreign tax jurisdiction which has granted tax holidays, one of which terminates on December 31, 2007 and the other on December 31, 2009. The current tax benefit in 2007 and 2006 attributable to these holidays was $0.9 million, or $.01 per share and $1.2 million, or $0.01 per share, respectively.
 
The Company files an income tax return in the U.S. federal jurisdiction, and various state and foreign jurisdictions. With few exceptions, the Company is no longer subject to U.S. federal, state and foreign income tax examinations for years prior to 1998. Currently, our U.S. federal tax filings are under examination for the year 2003, however, no audit adjustments have been proposed.
 
The Company adopted the provisions of FASB Interpretation No. 48, Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes, on January 1, 2007. As a result of the implementation of Interpretation No. 48, the Company recognized approximately a $0.8 million increase in the liability for unrecognized tax benefits, which was accounted for as an increase in the January 1, 2007 balance of retained deficit. There were no tax reserves recorded at December 31, 2006. During 2007, no additional adjustments to the liability were recorded.
 
The Company recognizes interest accrued related to unrecognized tax benefits in interest expense and penalties in operating expenses. The Company had no amount for the payment of interest and penalties accrued during the years ended December 31, 2007 and 2006.
 
9.   Capital Stock
 
Common stock
 
Changes in outstanding Common Stock for the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005 were as follows:
 
                         
    2007     2006     2005  
    (In thousands of shares)  
 
Outstanding, beginning of year
    89,675       88,436       84,021  
Shares issued upon conversion of preferred stock
                3,396  
Shares issued upon exercise of options
    375       974       935  
Shares issued under employee stock purchase plan
    48       61       61  
Shares issued for preferred stock dividends
                23  
Shares issued upon vesting of time-restricted shares
    117              
Shares issued upon cashless exercise of Series A warrants
          204        
                         
Outstanding, end of year
    90,215       89,675       88,436  
                         


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NEWPARK RESOURCES, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Preferred stock and Warrant
 
We have been authorized to issue up to 1,000,000 shares of Preferred Stock, $0.01 par value. Changes in outstanding preferred stock were as follows:
 
                 
    Year Ended December 31, 2005  
    Shares     $  
    (Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)  
 
Outstanding at the beginning of the year
    80,000     $ 20,000  
Shares converted to common stock
    (80,000 )     (20,000 )
                 
Outstanding at the end of the year
        $  
                 
Weighted-average conversion price per share
          $ 5.89  
 
There was no outstanding preferred stock at December 31, 2007 or 2006.
 
On June 1, 2000, we completed the sale of 120,000 shares of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock, $0.01 par value per share (the “Series B Preferred Stock”), and a warrant (the “Series B Warrant”) to purchase up to 1,900,000 shares of our Common Stock at an exercise price of $10.075 per share, subject to anti-dilution adjustments. Prior to 2006, all outstanding shares of the Series B Preferred Stock were converted to Common Stock. The Series B Warrant was originally issued with a seven year life, expiring June 1, 2007. This warrant contains certain registration provisions, which, if not met, reduce the exercise price of the warrants by 2.5%, compounding annually, and extending the term of the warrant. As of December 31, 2007, the Series B Warrant, as adjusted for certain anti-dilution provisions, remains outstanding and provides for the right to purchase up to 1,928,972 shares of our Common Stock at an exercise price of $9.43. We are currently not in compliance with the registration provisions and do not currently expect to establish an effective registration of this warrant until mid-2008. Upon completion of the registration, the remaining life of the warrant will be approximately 16 months.
 
On December 28, 2000, we completed the sale of 120,000 shares of Series C Convertible Preferred Stock, $0.01 par value per share (the “Series C Preferred Stock”). There were no redemption features to the Series C Preferred Stock. The aggregate purchase price for this instrument was $30.0 million. Prior to 2006, all outstanding shares of the Series C Convertible Preferred Stock were converted to Common Stock.
 
Cumulative dividends were payable on the Series B and Series C Preferred Stock quarterly in arrears. The dividend rate was 4.5% per annum, based on the stated value of $250 per share of Series B and Series C Preferred Stock. Dividends payable on the Series B and Series C Preferred Stock could be paid at our option either in cash or by issuing shares of our Common Stock that had been registered under the Securities Act. The number of shares of our Common Stock issued as dividends was determined by dividing the cash amount of the dividend otherwise payable by the market value of the Common Stock determined in accordance with the provisions of the certificate relating to the Series B and Series C Preferred Stock. In 2005, dividends were paid in cash and in the form of common stock.
 
On April 16, 1999, we issued a warrant (the “Series A Warrant”) to purchase up to 2,400,000 shares of our Common Stock at an exercise price of $8.50 per share, subject to anti-dilution adjustments valued at $2.2 million. In February 2006, the holder of the Series A Warrant elected to execute a cashless exercise of its right to purchase 2,862,580 shares, the number of shares then exercisable under the Series A Warrant as adjusted for anti-dilution provisions, in exchange for 203,934 shares of our Common Stock valued at $9.15 at the time of exercise.


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NEWPARK RESOURCES, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
10.   Earnings per Share
 
The following table presents the reconciliation of the numerator and denominator for calculating earnings per share:
 
                         
    Year Ended December 31,  
    2007     2006     2005  
    (In thousands, except per share and share data)  
 
Net income (loss)
  $ 26,662     $ (32,281 )   $ 22,781  
Less: Preferred stock dividends and accretion
                509  
                         
Income (loss) applicable to common and common equivalent shares
  $ 26,662     $ (32,281 )   $ 22,272  
                         
Weighted average number of common
    90,015       89,333       85,950  
Add: Net effect of dilutive stock options and warrants
    512       538       504  
                         
Adjusted weighted average number of common shares outstanding
    90,527       89,871       86,454  
                         
Income (loss) applicable to common and common equivalent shares:
                       
Basic
  $ 0.29     $ (0.36 )   $ 0.26  
                         
Diluted
  $ 0.29     $ (0.36 )   $ 0.26  
                         
Stock options and warrants excluded from calculation of diluted earnings per share because anti-dilutive for the period
    4,069       4,531       5,772  
                         
 
For the year ended December 31, 2005, the net effects of the assumed conversion of preferred stock were excluded from the computation of diluted income per share because the effects were anti-dilutive.
 
11.   Stock Based Compensation and Other Benefit Plans
 
At December 31, 2007, we had several stock-based employee compensation plans as described below. Our policy is to issue new shares for exercises of stock options and vesting of nonvested stock awards.
 
2006 Equity Incentive Plan
 
In December 2006, our stockholders approved the 2006 Equity Incentive Plan ( “2006 Plan”), pursuant to which the Compensation Committee of our Board of Directors may grant to key employees, including executive officers and other corporate and divisional officers, a variety of forms of equity-based compensation, including options to purchase shares of common stock, shares of restricted common stock, restricted stock units, stock appreciation rights, other stock-based awards, and performance-based awards. The maximum number of shares of common stock issuable under the 2006 Plan is 2,000,000. Under the 2006 Plan, the annual maximum number of shares that may be covered by stock options and stock appreciation rights (in the aggregate) granted to any single participant is 200,000, and the annual maximum number of shares that may be covered by all other awards (in the aggregate) to any single participant is 100,000. The Compensation Committee has complete authority, subject to the express provisions of the 2006 Plan, to approve the employees to be granted awards, to determine the number of stock options or other awards to be granted, to set the terms and conditions of the awards, to remove or adjust any restrictions and conditions upon those awards, and to adopt rules and regulations, and to make all other determinations deemed necessary or desirable for the administration of the 2006 Plan. During the year ended December 31, 2007, 979,500 stock options were granted under the 2006 Plan. The terms of the award agreement provide for equal vesting over a three-year period and a term of ten years. The price of each stock option granted was equal to fair market value on the date of grant. Additionally, a grant of 223,500 restricted stock awards were made


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NEWPARK RESOURCES, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
under this plan which become payable share-for-share in Common Stock subject to meeting certain performance criteria over a three year measurement period. At December 31, 2007, 722,000 shares were available for award under the 2006 Plan.
 
Prior to approval of the 2006 Plan, stock options were granted under the 1995 Incentive Stock Option Plan (“1995 Plan”). The terms of options granted under the 1995 Plan generally provided for equal vesting over a three-year period and a term of seven years. After November 1, 2005, no options were able to be granted under the 1995 Plan, but unexpired options granted before that date continue in effect in accordance with their terms until they are exercised or expire.
 
2004 Non-Employee Directors’ Incentive Compensation Plan
 
In June 2004, our stockholders approved the 2004 Non-Employee Directors’ Stock Option Plan (“2004 Plan”). Under the 2004 Plan, each new non-employee director, on the date of his or her election to the Board of Directors (whether elected by the stockholders or the Board of Directors), automatically is granted a stock option to purchase 10,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price equal to the fair market value of the common stock on the date of grant. Twenty percent of those option shares become exercisable on each of the first through the fifth anniversaries of the date of grant. The 2004 Plan also provides for the automatic additional grant to each non-employee director of stock options to purchase 10,000 shares of common stock each time the non-employee director is re-elected to the Board of Directors. One-third of those option shares granted at re-election become exercisable on each of the first through the third anniversaries of the date of grant. The term of options granted under the 2004 Plan is 10 years. Non-employee directors are not eligible to participate in any other stock option or similar plans currently maintained by us. During 2007, stockholders approved the amended and restated 2004 Plan (renamed the 2004 Non-Employee Directors’ Incentive Compensation Plan) which authorizes grants of restricted stock to non-employee directors instead of stock options. During the year ended December 31, 2007, non-employee directors each received a grant of 10,000 shares of restricted Common Stock reflecting a total of 60,000 shares, which vest in full on the first anniversary of the grant date. At December 31, 2007, 710,000 shares were available for award under the amended 2004 Plan.
 
2003 Long-Term Incentive Plan
 
Our stockholders approved the 2003 Long Term Incentive Plan (the “2003 Plan”) in June 2003. Under the 2003 Plan, awards of share equivalents are made at the beginning of overlapping three-year performance periods. These awards vest and become payable in our common stock if certain performance criteria are met over the three-year performance period. During the year ended December 31, 2007, awards of 195,000 share equivalents were made under the 2003 Plan.
 
Subject to adjustment upon a stock split, stock dividend or other recapitalization event, the maximum number of shares of common stock that may be issued under the 2003 Plan is 1,000,000. The common stock issued under the 2003 Plan will be from authorized but un-issued shares of our common stock, although shares re-acquired due to a forfeiture or any other reason may be re-issued under the 2003 Plan. The maximum number of shares of common stock that may be granted to any one eligible employee during any calendar year is 50,000. At December 31, 2007, 139,167 shares were available for award under the 2003 Plan.
 
The Compensation Committee may use various business criteria to set the performance objectives for awards under the 2003 Plan. For awards made during 2006 and 2007, the Compensation Committee determined that our cumulative earnings per share for the three-year performance period ending December 31, 2008 and December 31, 2009, respectively are the performance criterion for vesting in the award shares. For awards made during 2005 the Compensation Committee determined that the performance criterion applicable to 50% of the award shares is our annualized total stockholder return compared to our peers in the PHLX Oil Service Sectorsm (OSXsm) industry group index published by the Philadelphia Stock Exchange. The criterion applicable to the remaining 50% of the 2005 award shares is our average return on equity over the three-year period. Partial vesting occurs when our performance


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NEWPARK RESOURCES, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
achieves “expected” levels, and full vesting occurs if our performance is at the “over-achievement” level for both performance measures, in each case measured over the entire three-year performance period. No shares vest if our performance level is below the “expected” level, and straight-line interpolation will be used to determine vesting if performance is between “expected” and “over-achievement” levels. As of December 31, 2007 no shares have been earned under these performance objectives.
 
Pursuant to SFAS 123(R), the awards subject to the annualized total stockholder return criterion contain a market condition. The fair value of the awards subject to the market condition was calculated using Monte Carlo simulation. The awards subject to the earnings per share and average return on equity criteria contain performance conditions.
 
Employment Inducements
 
During the year ended December 31, 2006, the Compensation Committee granted stock-based awards to certain of our new executive officers as inducements to accept employment. Our chief executive officer was granted 375,000 stock options and 200,000 time-restricted shares. The stock options vest ratably over three years and the time-restricted shares vest ratably over five years. Our chief administrative officer and general counsel and our chief financial officer were granted 100,000 time-restricted shares each, which vest ratably over three years. In addition, our former president of the Mats and Integrated Services division was granted 25,000 stock options, which vest ratably over three years.
 
Stock Options & Stock Awards
 
We estimated the fair value of options granted on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model, with the following weighted average assumptions:
 
                         
    Year Ended December 31,  
    2007     2006     2005  
 
Risk-free interest rate
    5.0 %     4.7 %     3.9 %
Expected life of the option in years
    5.22       5.07       4.00  
Expected volatility
    47.2 %     51.9 %     72.0 %
Dividend yield
                 
 
The risk-free interest rate is based on the implied yield on a U.S. Treasury zero-coupon issue with a remaining term equal to the expected term of the option. The expected life of the option is based on observed historical patterns. The expected volatility is based on historical volatility of the price of our common stock. The dividend yield is based on the projected annual dividend payment per share divided by the stock price at the date of grant, which is zero because we have not paid dividends for several years and do not expect to pay dividends in the foreseeable future.


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NEWPARK RESOURCES, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
The following table summarizes activity for our outstanding stock options for the year ended December 31, 2007:
 
                                 
                Weighted-
       
          Weighted-
    Average
       
          Average
    Remaining
    Aggregate
 
          Exercise
    Contractual
    Intrinsic
 
    Shares     Price     Life (Years)     Value  
 
Outstanding at beginning of period
    3,313,166     $ 6.74                  
Granted
    979,500       7.77                  
Exercised
    (349,396 )     5.38                  
Expired or canceled
    (367,662 )     5.45                  
                                 
Outstanding at end of period
    3,575,608       7.18       4.58     $ 336,865  
                                 
Options exercisable at end of period
    2,156,950       6.86       2.20     $ 334,145  
                                 
 
The following table summarizes information about the weighted-average exercise price and the weighted-average grant date fair value of stock options granted:
 
                         
    Year Ended December 31,  
    2007     2006     2005  
 
Weighted-average exercise price:
                       
Exercise price equals the market price of the stock on the date of grant
  $ 7.77     $ 7.64     $ 6.38  
Exercise price exceeds the market price of the stock on the date of grant
              $ 6.26  
Exercise price is less than the market price of the stock on the date of grant
              $ 5.20  
Weighted-average grant date fair value:
                       
Exercise price equals the market price of the stock on the date of grant
  $ 3.77     $ 3.85     $ 3.60  
Exercise price exceeds the market price of the stock on the date of grant
              $ 3.58  
Exercise price is less than the market price of the stock on the date of grant
              $ 3.53  
 
During the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005, the total intrinsic value of options exercised was $0.6 million, $2.8 million and $2.4 million, respectively.
 
The following table summarizes activity for outstanding nonvested stock awards for the year ended December 31, 2007:
 
                 
          Weighted-
 
          Average
 
          Grant Date
 
    Shares     Fair Value  
 
Outstanding at beginning of period
    1,203,833     $ 5.90  
Granted
    478,500       7.81  
Vested
    (116,668 )     6.38  
Forfeited
    (39,500 )     6.21  
                 
Outstanding at end of period
    1,526,165     $ 6.63  
                 


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NEWPARK RESOURCES, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
As of December 31, 2007, our compensation cost related to nonvested awards not yet recognized totaled approximately $2.7 million which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.3 years. During the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005, the total fair value of shares vested was $0.7 million $1.1 million and $0.4 million, respectively. During the year ended December 31, 2006, we granted 845,000 shares of nonvested stock with a weighted-average grant date fair value of $6.36. During the year ended December 31, 2005, we granted 363,000 shares of nonvested stock with a weighted-average grant date fair value of $4.69.
 
During the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005, we received cash from option exercises totaling $1.9 million, $5.3 million, and $4.9 million, respectively. For the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006, and 2005 we recognized tax benefits resulting the exercise of stock options and the vesting of share awards totaling $0.5 million, $1.3 million and $0.9 million, respectively.
 
Pursuant to the adoption of SFAS 123(R), for the years ended December 31, 2007 and 2006, we recognized total stock-based compensation expense of $3.4 million and $2.0 million, respectively and associated tax benefits of $1.1 million and $0.6 million, respectively. For the year ended December 31, 2005 we recognized stock-based compensation expense totaling $0.7 million and associated tax benefit of $0.3 million.
 
For the year ended December 31, 2005 we applied Accounting Principles Board Opinion No. 25 (“APB 25”) in accounting for our stock-based compensation plans. Under APB 25, we only recognized compensation cost for stock options when the exercise price of the stock option granted was less than the fair value of the underlying common stock on the measurement date. Also, prior to the adoption of SFAS 123(R), we recognized compensation cost for our nonvested stock awards under APB 25 and related interpretations. If we had applied the fair value recognition provisions of SFAS 123(R) to our stock-based compensation plans, our net income and net income per share would have been the pro forma amounts indicated below:
 
         
    Year Ended December 31, 2005  
    (In thousands, except per share data)  
 
Income applicable to common and common equivalent shares:
       
As reported
  $ 22,272  
Add recorded stock compensation expense, net of related taxes
    482  
Deduct stock-based employee compensation expense determined under fair value based method for all awards, net of related taxes
    (1,134 )
         
Pro forma income
  $ 21,620  
         
Earnings per share:
       
Basic: As reported
  $ 0.26  
Proforma
  $ 0.25  
Diluted: As reported
  $ 0.26  
Proforma
  $ 0.25  
 
Defined Contribution Plan
 
During the periods reported, substantially all of our U.S. employees were covered by a defined contribution plan (“401(k) Plan”). Employees may voluntarily contribute up to 50% of compensation, as defined in the 401(k) Plan. Prior to July 1, 2006, the participants’ contributions, up to 6% of compensation, were matched 50% by us. Subsequent to July 1, 2006, the participants’ contributions, up to 3% of compensation, were matched 100% by us, and the participants’ contributions, from 3% to 6% of compensation, were matched 50% by us. Under the 401(k) Plan, our cash contributions were approximately $2.0 million, $1.6 million and $1.0 million, in 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively.


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NEWPARK RESOURCES, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
12.   Supplemental Cash Flow Information
 
Included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities at December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005, were equipment purchases of $0.3 million, $3.2 million and $0.9 million, respectively.
 
During the years ended December 31, 2007 and 2005, we financed the acquisition of property, plant and equipment with capital leases totaling $1.0 million and $4.8 million, respectively. During the year ended December 31, 2006, we did not finance the acquisition of property, plant and equipment with capital leases.
 
13.   Commitments and Contingencies
 
Litigation Summary
 
In connection with our announcement regarding an internal investigation commissioned by our Audit Committee in April 2006, and subsequent announcements, we were served with a number of shareholder class action and derivative lawsuits. These suits asserted claims against us and certain of our former officers and current and former directors alleging damages resulting from the loss of value in our common stock and, derivatively, for damages we allegedly suffered.
 
In April, 2007, we announced that we reached a settlement of our pending derivative and class action litigation. The settlement received final approval from the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana on October 9, 2007. Under the terms of the settlement, we paid $1.6 million, and our directors and officers’ liability insurance carrier paid $8.3 million. A portion of these amounts were used to pay administration costs and legal fees. This settlement resolved all pending shareholder class and derivative litigation against us, our former and current directors, and former officers. As part of the settlement, however, we preserved certain claims against our former Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer for matters arising from invoicing irregularities at Soloco Texas, LP and the backdating of stock options.
 
James D. Cole Arbitration
 
By letter dated April 25, 2007, counsel for James D. Cole, our former Chief Executive Officer and former director, notified us that Mr. Cole is pursuing claims against us for breach of his employment agreement and other causes of action. Mr. Cole seeks recovery of approximately $3.1 million purportedly due under his employment agreement and reimbursement of certain defense costs incurred in connection with the shareholder litigation and our internal investigation. Mr. Cole also claims that he is entitled to the sum of $640,000 pursuant to the non-compete provision of his employment agreement. Pursuant to the terms of his employment agreement, this matter has been submitted to arbitration. We have also submitted to the same arbitration proceedings the claims preserved against Mr. Cole arising from the derivative litigation referenced above.
 
Matthew Hardey Lawsuit
 
On November 2, 2007, we were served with a lawsuit filed on behalf of Matthew Hardey, our former Chief Financial Officer, against Newpark Resources and Paul L. Howes, our current CEO. The lawsuit was filed on October 9, 2007, in the 24th Judicial District Court in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana. We have moved this case to Federal Court (United States District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana). The lawsuit includes a variety of allegations arising from our internal investigation and Mr. Hardey’s termination, including breach of contract, unfair trade practices, defamation, and negligence. The lawsuit does not specify the amount of damages being sought by Mr. Hardey. We dispute the allegations in the lawsuit and intend to vigorously defend our position.
 
The outcome of the Cole and Hardey proceedings is not certain; however; it is the opinion of management that any liability in these matters should not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.


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NEWPARK RESOURCES, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
SEC Investigation
 
On March 12, 2007, we were advised that the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) has opened a formal investigation into the matters disclosed in Amendment No. 2 to our Annual Report on Form 10-K/A filed on October 10, 2006. We are cooperating with the SEC in their investigation.
 
Other Legal Items
 
In addition, we and our subsidiaries are involved in litigation and other claims or assessments on matters arising in the normal course of business. In the opinion of management, any recovery or liability in these matters should not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.
 
Environmental Proceedings
 
In the ordinary course of conducting our business, we become involved in judicial and administrative proceedings involving governmental authorities at the federal, state and local levels, as well as private party actions. We believe that none of these matters involves material exposure. We cannot assure you, however, that this exposure does not exist or will not arise in other matters relating to our past or present operations.
 
Recourse against our insurers under general liability insurance policies for reimbursement in the actions described above is uncertain as a result of conflicting court decisions in similar cases. In addition, certain insurance policies under which coverage may be afforded contain self-insurance levels that may exceed our ultimate liability.
 
We believe that any liability incurred in the environmental matters described above will not have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial statements.
 
Leases
 
We lease various manufacturing facilities, warehouses, office space, machinery and equipment, including transportation equipment, under operating leases with remaining terms ranging from one to 10 years, with various renewal options. Substantially all leases require payment of taxes, insurance and maintenance costs in addition to rental payments. Total rental expenses for all operating leases were approximately $18.0 million, $18.2 million and $17.1 million for the three years ending 2007, 2006, 2005, respectively.
 
Future minimum payments under non-cancellable operating leases, with initial or remaining terms in excess of one year are as follows (in thousands):
 
         
2008
  $ 13,044  
2009
    8,042  
2010
    4,798  
2011
    3,505  
2012
    2,956  
Thereafter
    4,809  
         
    $ 37,154  
         


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NEWPARK RESOURCES, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Future minimum payments under capital leases are as follows (in thousands):
 
         
2008
  $ 350  
2009
    343  
2010
    108  
2011
     
2012
     
Thereafter
     
         
    $ 801  
         
 
Other
 
In conjunction with our insurance programs, we had established letters of credit in favor of certain insurance companies in the amount of $2.3 million and $1.0 million at December 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively. In addition, as of December 31, 2007 and 2006, we had established letters of credit in favor of our barite suppliers in the amount of $5.8 million and $0.5 million, respectively. We also established a letter of credit in favor of our Chief Executive Officer in 2006 in the amount of $3.0 million which was cancelled in 2007. This was entered into in accordance with his employment agreement dated March 22, 2006. As of December 31, 2007 and 2006, we had outstanding guarantee obligations totaling $7.4 million and $8.9 million, respectively, in connection with facility closure bonds and other performance bonds issued by insurance companies.
 
We are self-insured for health claims up to a certain policy limit. Claims in excess of $150,000 per incident are insured by third-party insurers. At December 31, 2007 and 2006, we had accrued liabilities of $1.5 million and $1.7 million, respectively, for outstanding and incurred, but not reported, claims based on historical experience. These estimated claims are expected to be paid within one year of their occurrence.
 
We are self-insured for certain workers’ compensation, auto and general liability claims up to a certain policy limit. Claims in excess of $500,000 are insured by third-party reinsurers. At December 31, 2007 and 2006, we had accrued a liability of $1.8 million and $1.4 million, respectively, for the uninsured portion of claims based on reports provided by our third party administrator.
 
We maintain accrued liabilities for asset retirement obligations, which represent legal obligations associated with the retirement of tangible long-lived assets that result from the normal operation of the long-lived asset. Our asset retirement obligations primarily relate to required expenditures associated with owned and leased facilities. Upon settlement of the liability, a gain or loss for any difference between the settlement amount and the liability recorded is recognized. As of December 31, 2007 and 2006, we had accrued asset retirement obligations of $0.6 million and $0.5 million, respectively.
 
14.   Fair Value of Financial Instruments and Concentrations of Credit Risk
 
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
 
Our financial instruments include cash and cash equivalents, receivables, payables, debt, and certain derivative financial instruments. Except as described below, we believe the carrying values of these instruments approximated their fair values at December 31, 2007 and 2006. We estimate the fair value of our debt and derivative instruments by obtaining available market information and quotes from brokers.
 
At December 31, 2007 and 2006, the estimated fair value of total debt was $177.5 million and $212.9 million, respectively, and the carrying value included in our consolidated balance sheets was $177.5 million and $213.0 million, respectively.


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NEWPARK RESOURCES, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
As of December 31, 2007, Ava, S.p.A, our European Fluids Systems and Engineering subsidiary (“Ava”), had an interest rate swap arrangement in which Ava received a floating rate from a bank and pays a rate which varied based on inflation. Under the terms of the swap, Ava receives an annual payment from the bank based on a Euro notional amount of $5.8 million times the Euribor rate in effect as of the end of the determination period, and pays an annual amount to the bank based on the notional amount times a rate which varies according to both the Euribor rate and the published inflation rate for the Euro area. This arrangement requires annual settlements and matures in February 2015. At December 31, 2007, the fair value of this arrangement represents a liability of approximately $0.7 million. In February 2008, we reached an agreement with the bank to terminate this agreement. The total cost of the termination settlement is not expected to exceed the liability recorded at December 31, 2007.
 
Concentrations of Credit Risk
 
Financial instruments that potentially subject us to significant concentrations of credit risk consist principally of cash investments and trade accounts and notes receivable. We maintain cash and cash equivalents with various financial institutions. As part of our investment strategy, we perform periodic evaluations of the relative credit standing of these financial institutions.
 
Accounts Receivable.  Accounts receivable at December 31, 2007 and 2006 includes the following:
 
                 
    2007     2006  
    (In thousands)  
 
Trade Receivables
  $ 120,641     $ 118,480  
Unbilled Receivables
    24,036       22,891  
                 
Gross trade receivables
    144,677       141,371  
Allowance for doubtful accounts
    (3,890 )     (2,316 )
                 
Net trade receivables
  $ 140,787     $ 139,055  
                 
Notes and other receivables
  $ 1,162     $ 2,735  
Total receivables, net
  $ 141,949     $ 141,790  
                 
 
Concentrations of credit risk with respect to trade accounts and notes receivable, are generally limited due to the large number of entities comprising our customer base, and for notes receivable the required collateral. We maintain an allowance for losses based upon the expected collectability of accounts receivable. Changes in this allowance for 2007, 2006 and 2005 are as follows:
 
                         
    2007     2006     2005  
    (In thousands)  
 
Balance at beginning of year
  $ 2,316     $ 804     $ 3,260  
Provision for uncollectible accounts
    1,282       1,693       818  
Write-offs, net of recoveries
    292       (181 )     (3,274 )
                         
Balance at end of year
  $ 3,890     $ 2,316     $ 804  
                         
 
During the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005, no one customer accounted for more than 10% of total sales. We periodically review the collectibility of our notes receivable and adjust the carrying value to the net realizable value. Adjustments to the carrying value of notes receivable were not significant in 2007 or 2006.


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NEWPARK RESOURCES, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
15.   Supplemental Selected Quarterly Financial Data (Unaudited)
 
                                 
    Quarter Ended  
          Second
    Third
       
    First
    Quarter
    Quarter
    Fourth
 
    Quarter     (1)     (1)     Quarter  
    (In thousands, except per share amounts)  
 
Fiscal Year 2007
                               
Revenues
  $ 149,264     $ 149,982     $ 153,778     $ 159,740  
Operating income
    13,075       13,485       15,455       13,897  
Income from continuing operations
    5,761       6,153       7,612       5,518  
Net income
    7,234       5,299       7,383       6,746  
Basic and diluted earnings per share:
                               
Income from continuing operations
    0.06       0.07       0.08       0.06  
Net income
    0.08       0.06       0.08       0.07  
Fiscal Year 2006
                               
Revenues
  $ 144,540     $ 143,001     $ 147,619     $ 146,748  
Operating income
    13,672       11,896       19,722       16,534  
Income from continuing operations
    5,616       5,292       9,733       7,419  
Net income
    6,185       5,923       (2,265 )     (42,123 )
Basic and diluted earnings per share:
                               
Income from continuing operations
    0.06       0.06       0.11       0.08  
Net income (loss)
    0.07       0.07       (0.03 )     (0.47 )
 
 
(1) We recorded recoveries under insurance policies, net of losses, in connection with damages sustained in 2005 as a result of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita of $0.8 million in the quarter ended June 30, 2006 and $3.5 million in the quarter ended September 30, 2006.
 
We have reclassified amounts previously reported to discontinued operations. These reclassifications are described further in Note 2.
 
16.   Segment and Related Information
 
Our Company consists of two reportable segments, which offer different products and services to a relatively homogenous customer base. The reportable segments include: Fluids Systems & Engineering and Mats & Integrated Services. Intersegment revenues are generally recorded at cost for items which are included in inventory of the purchasing segment, and at standard markups for items which are included in cost of revenues of the purchasing segment. All intersegment revenues and related profits have been eliminated.
 
Fluids Systems & Engineering:  Our Fluids Systems and Engineering business offers unique solutions to highly technical drilling projects involving complex subsurface conditions, such as horizontal directional, geologically deep or deep water drilling. These projects require constant monitoring and critical engineering support of the fluids system during the drilling process. We provide drilling fluids products and technical services to the North American, European, North African, and the Brazilian market. We also provide completion fluids services and equipment rental to customers in the mid-continent region of the United States.
 
We also have industrial mineral grinding operations, which represent a separate operating segment of our Company. The operation grinds barite, a mineral used in drilling fluids products. In addition to providing this critical raw material for our drilling fluids products, the grinding operation also sells barite and other industrial


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NEWPARK RESOURCES, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
minerals to third parties. Together, our drilling fluids and mineral grinding operating segments serve to comprise the Fluids Systems and Engineering reportable segment.
 
Mats & Integrated Services  This segment provides mat rentals and related well site services to E&P customers in the onshore Gulf of Mexico region, which ensure all-weather access to E&P sites in the unstable soil conditions common to these areas. Through our acquisition of SEM Construction Company in 2007, this segment also provides access road maintenance and a variety of well site services in Western Colorado. This segment also manufactures our DuraBasetm composite mat system for sales into international market as well as for use in our domestic rental operations. The principal customers are major independent and multi-national companies.
 
During August and September 2005, our Fluids Systems and Engineering operations along the Gulf Coast were affected by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita. As a result, in 2005 we recorded net reductions to cost of revenues of $0.6 million in the Fluids Systems and Engineering segment reflecting net insurance recoveries. In 2006, we recorded net reductions to cost of revenues of $4.3 million in the Fluids Systems and Engineering segment.


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NEWPARK RESOURCES, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Summarized financial information concerning our reportable segments is shown in the following tables. Revenues for each product or service are not disclosed separately as it is impracticable to do so.
 
                         
    Year Ended December 31,  
    2007     2006     2005  
    (In thousands)  
 
Revenues
                       
Fluids Systems & Engineering
  $ 522,714     $ 481,378     $ 384,210  
Mats & Integrated Services
    90,050       100,530       92,462  
                         
Total Revenues
  $ 612,764     $ 581,908     $ 476,672  
                         
Depreciation and Amortization
                       
Fluids Systems & Engineering
  $ 8,892     $ 8,834     $ 9,564  
Mats & Integrated Services
    9,479       10,738       8,941  
Corporate
    914       1,040       1,035  
                         
Total Depreciation and Amortization
  $ 19,285     $ 20,612     $ 19,540  
                         
Operating Income
                       
Fluids Systems & Engineering
  $ 66,065     $ 66,616     $ 40,589  
Mats & Integrated Services
    12,770       15,230       12,616  
General and administrative expenses
    (22,923 )     (20,022 )     (9,546 )
                         
Total Operating Income from Continuing Operations
  $ 55,912     $ 61,824     $ 43,659  
                         
Segment Assets
                       
Fluids Systems & Engineering
  $ 400,083     $ 378,863     $ 333,364  
Mats & Integrated Services
    117,724       105,140       110,643  
Assets of discontinued operations
    86,628       102,365       181,260  
Corporate
    37,344       43,081       26,027  
                         
Total Assets
  $ 641,779     $ 629,449     $ 651,294  
                         
Capital Expenditures
                       
Fluids Systems & Engineering
  $ 12,433     $ 17,265     $ 14,592  
Mats & Integrated Services
    1,950       6,182       13,032  
Corporate
    2,653       2,343       1,107  
                         
Total Capital Expenditures
  $ 17,036     $ 25,790     $ 28,731  
                         


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NEWPARK RESOURCES, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
The following table sets forth information about our operations by geographic area. Revenues by geographic location are determined based on the location in which services are rendered or products are sold.
 
                         
    Year Ended December 31,  
    2007     2006     2005  
    (In thousands)  
 
Revenue
                       
United States
  $ 502,214     $ 469,735     $ 388,461  
Canada
    22,488       49,781       47,368  
Mediterranean region
    87,024       61,555       40,268  
Mexico and Brazil
    1,038       837       575  
                         
Total Revenue
  $ 612,764     $ 581,908     $ 476,672  
                         
Operating Income (loss) from Continuing Operations
                       
United States
  $ 42,080     $ 45,059     $ 38,845  
Canada
    (2,301 )     5,318       1,669  
Mediterranean region
    18,135       11,426       3,277  
Mexico and Brazil
    (2,002 )     22       (132 )
                         
Total Operating Income from Continuing Operations
  $ 55,912     $ 61,824     $ 43,659  
                         
Assets
                       
United States
  $ 529,703     $ 538,744     $ 552,199  
Canada
    28,797       29,369       37,285  
Mediterranean region
    79,027       59,291       53,401  
Mexico and Brazil
    4,252       2,046       8,409  
                         
Total Assets
  $ 641,779     $ 629,449     $ 651,294  
                         
 
17.   Subsequent Events
 
In February 2008, our Board of Directors approved a plan authorizing the Company to repurchase up to $25 million of outstanding shares of common stock.


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ITEM 9.   Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
 
None.
 
ITEM 9A.   Controls and Procedures
 
Evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures.  Our management assessed the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2006. In making this assessment, the following material weaknesses were identified in our internal control over financial reporting:
 
  •  Management did not adequately monitor certain control practices to foster an environment that allowed for a consistent and open flow of information and communication between those who initiated transactions and those who were responsible for the financial reporting of those transactions, principally at one of our subsidiaries, Soloco Texas, LP. This control deficiency resulted in 2006 adjustments that were recorded by management and related to accounts receivable and revenues; and
 
  •  Management did not maintain effective controls over the recording of intangible assets. This control deficiency resulted in 2006 adjustments that were recorded by management and related to intangible assets and cost of revenues.
 
We implemented certain corrective actions in 2006, as disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2006. In order to further address the identified material weaknesses, we implemented additional corrective measures during 2007, as disclosed in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2007.
 
We believe that the corrective actions remedied the identified material weaknesses described above, and have improved both our disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting.
 
Based on the evaluation of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer of the Company have concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures are effective as of December 31, 2007.
 
Changes in internal control over financial reporting.  There has been no change in internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended December 31, 2007 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal controls over financial reporting.
 
Design and evaluation of internal control over financial reporting.  Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting and the Report of the Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm are set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report and are incorporated herein by reference.
 
New York Stock Exchange Required Disclosures.  The certifications of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer required under Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act have been filed as Exhibits 31.1 and 31.2 to this report. Additionally, in 2007, our Chief Executive Officer certified to the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) that he was not aware of any violation by us of the NYSE’s corporate governance listing standards.
 
ITEM 9B.   Other Information
 
None
 
PART III
 
ITEM 10.   Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
 
Executive Officers and Directors
 
The information required by this Item is incorporated by reference to the “Executive Officers,” and “Election of Directors” sections of the definitive Proxy Statement relating to our 2008 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.


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Compliance with Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act
 
The information required by this Item is incorporated by reference to the “Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance” section of the definitive Proxy Statement relating to our 2008 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.
 
Code of Conduct and Ethics
 
We have adopted a Code of Ethics that applies to all of our directors and senior officers, and a Corporate Compliance and Business Ethics Manual (“Ethics Manual”) that applies to all officers and employees. The Code and Ethics Manual are publicly available in the investor relations area of our website at www.newpark.com. This Code of Ethics is incorporated in this report by reference. Copies of our Code of Ethics may also be requested in print by writing to Newpark Resources, Inc., 2700 Research Forest Drive, Suite 100, The Woodlands, Texas, 77381.
 
ITEM 11.   Executive Compensation
 
The information required by this Item is incorporated by reference to the “Compensation Discussion and Analyses” section of the definitive Proxy Statement relating to our 2008 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.
 
ITEM 12.   Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
 
The information required by this Item is incorporated by reference to the “Ownership of Common Stock” section of the definitive Proxy Statement relating to our 2008 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.
 
ITEM 13.   Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
 
The information required by this Item is incorporated by reference to the “Related Person Transactions” and “Director Independence” sections of the definitive Proxy Statement relating to our 2008 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.
 
ITEM 14.   Principal Accounting Fees and Services
 
The information required by this Item is incorporated by reference to the “Independent Auditor” section of the definitive Proxy Statement relating to our 2008 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.
 
PART IV
 
ITEM 15.   Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules
 
(a) List of documents filed as part of this report or incorporated herein by reference.


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1.   Financial Statements
 
The following financial statements of the Registrant as set forth under Part II, Item 8 of this report on Form 10-K on the pages indicated.
 
         
    Page in this
    Form 10-K
 
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2.   Financial Statement Schedules
 
All schedules for which provision is made in the applicable accounting regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission are not required under the related instructions or are inapplicable and, therefore, have been omitted.
 
3.   Exhibits
 
The exhibits listed are filed as part of, or incorporated by reference into, this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
 
         
  3 .1   Restated Certificate of Incorporation of Newpark Resources, Inc., incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Company’s Form 10-K405 for the year ended December 31, 1998 filed on March 31, 1999 (SEC File No. 001-02960).
  3 .2   Certificate of Designation of Series A Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock of Newpark Resources, Inc. incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on April 27, 1999 (SEC File No. 001-02960).
  3 .3   Certificate of Designation of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock of Newpark Resources, Inc., incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on June 7, 2000 (SEC File No. 001-02960).
  3 .4   Certificate of Rights and Preferences of Series C Convertible Preferred Stock of Newpark Resources, Inc., incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on January 4, 2001 (SEC File No. 001-02960).
  3 .5   Amended and Restated Bylaws, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed March 13, 2007 (SEC File No. 001-02960).
  *10 .1   Amended and Restated 1993 Non-Employee Directors’ Stock Option Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.7 to the Company’s Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1998 filed on March 31, 1999 (SEC File No. 001-02960).
  *10 .2   1995 Incentive Stock Option Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.8.1 to the Company’s Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1995 filed on March 11, 1996 (SEC File No. 001-02960).
  *10 .3   Form of Stock Option under 1995 Incentive Stock Option Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.29 to the Company’s Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2004 filed on March 16, 2005 (SEC File No. 001-02960).
  10 .4   Agreement, dated May 30, 2000, between the registrant and Fletcher International Ltd., a Bermuda company, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.2 of the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on June 7, 2000 (SEC File No. 001-02960).


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  10 .5   Agreement, dated December 28, 2000, between the registrant and Fletcher International Limited, a Cayman Islands company, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.2 of the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on January 4, 2001 (SEC File No. 001-02960).
  *10 .6   Newpark Resources, Inc. 2003 Executive Incentive Compensation Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended March 31, 2005 filed on May 3, 2005 (SEC File No. 001-02960).
  *†10 .7   Newpark Resources, Inc. 2003 Long Term Incentive Plan.
  *10 .8   Form of Award Agreement under 2003 Long-Term Incentive Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.29 to the Company’s Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2004 filed on March 16, 2005 (SEC File No. 001-02960).
  *10 .9   2004 Non-Employee Directors’ Stock Option Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended September 30, 2006 filed on November 9, 2006 (SEC File No. 001-02960).
  *10 .10   Form of Stock Option under 2004 Non-Employee Directors’ Stock Option Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.30 to the Company’s Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2004 filed on March 16, 2005 (SEC File No. 001-02960).
  *10 .11   Employment Agreement, dated as of May 2, 2005, between Newpark Resources, Inc. and James D. Cole, incorporated.
  *†10 .12   Newpark Resources, Inc. 1999 Employee Stock Purchase Plan, as amended.
  *10 .13   Form of letter agreement between Newpark Resources, Inc. and Matthew W. Hardey executed on August 10, 2005, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on August 11, 2005 (SEC File No. 001-02960).
  *10 .14   Employment Agreement, dated as of March 22, 2006, between the registrant and Paul L. Howes, incorporation by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on March 22, 2006 (SEC File No. 001-02960).
  *10 .15   Employment Agreement between Newpark Resources, Inc. and Sean Mikaelian dated May 18, 2006, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended March 31, 2007 filed on May 8, 2007 (SEC File No. 001-02960).
  *10 .16   Indemnification Agreement, dated June 7, 2006, between the registrant and Paul L. Howes, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on June 13, 2006 (SEC File No. 001-02960).
  *10 .17   Form of Indemnification Agreement, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on June 13, 2006 (SEC File No. 001-02960).
  *10 .18   Amendment of Employment Agreement, dated June 7, 2006, between the registrant and Paul L. Howes, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on June 13, 2006 (SEC File No. 001-02960).
  *10 .19   Employment Agreement, dated as of September 18, 2006, by and between Newpark Resources, Inc. and James E. Braun, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on September 20, 2006 (SEC File No. 001-02960).
  *10 .20   Employment Agreement, dated as of September 18, 2006, by and between Newpark Resources, Inc. and Mark J. Airola, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on September 20, 2006 (SEC File No. 001-02960).
  *10 .21   Newpark Resources, Inc. 2006 Equity Incentive Plan, incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2006 filed on March 16, 2007 (SEC File No. 001-02960).
  *10 .22   Form of Non-Qualified Stock Option Agreement under the Newpark Resources, Inc. 2006 Equity Incentive Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.4 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-8 filed on March 26, 2007 (SEC File No. 333-0141577).
  *10 .23   Non-Statutory Stock Option Agreement dated May 18, 2006 between Newpark Resources, Inc. and Sean Mikaelian, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.4 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-8 filed on March 26, 2007 (SEC File No. 333-141577).*

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  *10 .24   Employment Agreement between Newpark Resources, Inc. and Bruce Smith dated April 20, 2007, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended March 31, 2007 filed on May 8, 2007 (SEC File No. 001-02960).*
  10 .25   Amendment to the Indemnification Agreement between Newpark Resources, Inc. and Paul L. Howes dated September 11, 2007, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on September 14, 2007 (SEC File No. 001-02960).
  10 .26   Membership Interests Purchase Agreement dated October 10, 2007 by and among Newpark Resources, Inc., Newpark Drilling Fluids LLC, Newpark Texas, L.L.C., Trinity TLM Acquisitions, LLC and Trinity Storage Services, L.P., incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended September 30, 2007 filed on November 7, 2007 (SEC File No. 001-02960).
  10 .27   Amended and Restated Credit Agreement among Newpark Resources, Inc., JPMORGAN CHASE BANK, N.A., as Administrative Agent CALYON NEW YORK BRANCH, as Syndication Agent, and BANK OF AMERICA, N.A., as Documentation Agent, dated December 21, 2007, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on December 28, 2007 (SEC File No. 001-02960).
  10 .27